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Aristolochia rotunda - L.
                 
Common Name Snakeroot
Family Aristolochiaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The plant is poisonous in large quantities[7]. The plant contains aristolochic acid, this has received rather mixed reports on its toxicity. According to one report aristolochic acid stimulates white blood cell activity and speeds the healing of wounds, but is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys[254]. Another report says that it is an active antitumour agent but is too toxic for clinical use[218]. Another report says that aristolochic acid has anti-cancer properties and can be used in conjunction with chemotherapy and radiotherapy and that it also increases the cellular immunity and phagocytosis function of the phagocytic cells[176].
Habitats Found amongst shrubs and herbaceous plants[45] along the sides of roads, in fields and in meadows[7].
Range Europe - Mediterranean. Occasionally naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Aristolochia rotunda Snakeroot


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Alberto_Salguero
Aristolochia rotunda Snakeroot
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Alberto_Salguero
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Aristolochia rotunda is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from Apr to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies.Suitable for: medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Abortifacient;  Antitussive;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Pectoral;  Vermifuge;  Vulnerary.

The root is antitussive, diuretic, emmenagogue, pectoral, vermifuge and vulnerary[4, 7, 46, 61]. This herb should only be used internally with expert advice since large doses can provoke abortions as well as poisoning with inflammation of the mucous membranes, resulting in respiratory paralysis[7]. The plant contains aristolochic acid which, whilst stimulating white blood cell activity and speeding the healing of wounds, is also carcinogenic and damaging to the kidneys[254]. Externally the plant is used to treat a variety of skin complaints including eczema and difficult to heal ulcers[7]. The root is harvested in late spring and dried for later use[7].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a well-drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter, in sun or semi-shade[1, 134, 200]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[134]. Most species in this genus have malodorous flowers that are pollinated by flies[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Pre-soak stored seed for 48 hours in hand-hot water and surface sow in a greenhouse[134]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 20°c[134]. Stored seed germinates better if it is given 3 months cold stratification at 5°c[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts. Division in autumn[200]. Root cuttings in winter[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aristolochia clematitisBirthwort02
Aristolochia contortaMa Dou Ling13
Aristolochia debilisMa Dou Ling13
Aristolochia fangchiGuan Fang Chi02
Aristolochia kaempferi 02
Aristolochia macrophyllaPipevine, Dutchman's Pipe01
Aristolochia molissima 02
Aristolochia reticulataTexas Dutchman's Pipe02
Aristolochia serpentariaVirginia Snakeroot03
Aristolochia tomentosaDutchman's Pipe, Woolly dutchman's pipe02
Asarum arifolium 01
Asarum blumei 01
Asarum canadenseSnake Root, Canadian wildginger, Canada Wild Ginger, Wild Ginger33
Asarum caudatumWild Ginger, British Columbia wildginger32
Asarum dilatatum 20
Asarum europaeumAsarabacca, European Wild Ginger02
Asarum forbesiiDu Heng01
Asarum heterotropoides 02
Asarum maximum 01
Asarum nipponicum 10
Asarum reflexum 20
Asarum shuttleworthiiAsarabacca, Mottled Wild Ginger20
Asarum sieboldiiWild Ginger02
Asarum takaoi 10
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
145
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Marinella Zepigi Tue Jun 10 2008

Acta plantarum forum botanico Description - Photos - Aristolochia rotunda L. s.l.

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Subject : Aristolochia rotunda  

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