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Arctostaphylos pungens - Kunth.
                 
Common Name Pointleaf Manzanita
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Gravelly soils in sunny places in the Chaparral[181].
Range Southern N. America - Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 
Arctostaphylos pungens is an evergreen Shrub. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[257]. An agreeable acid flavour but the fruit is dry and mealy[95]. Hard to digest, the fruit should be eaten in moderation[95]. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then used as mush or as a flavouring in soups etc[257]. A cooling drink can be made from the fruit[161, 257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Skin.

An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[257]. An infusion is also used in the treatment of the rash caused by poison oak, Toxicodendron diversiloba[257].
Other Uses
Dye;  Fuel;  Wood.

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[168]. The wood makes a good fuel, producing a long-lasting hot fire[257]. The hard wood has been used for making small tools, awl handles etc[257].
Cultivation details
Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade[3, 11, 166, 200], but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[200]. This species is closely related to A. manzanita[11]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[11, 134].
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[11, 200]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root[1, 78]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arctostaphylos alpinaAlpine Bearberry21
Arctostaphylos columbianaHairy Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry Manzanita22
Arctostaphylos manzanitaManzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof's manzanita, Wieslan31
Arctostaphylos nevadensisPine-Mat Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos parryanaParry Manzanita10
Arctostaphylos patulaGreenleaf Manzanita31
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanita30
Arctostaphylos tomentosaDowny Manzanita, Woollyleaf manzanita, Brittleleaf manzanita, Dacite manzanita, Rosy manzanita, San33
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberry34
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30
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Expert comment
 
Author
Kunth.
Botanical References
11
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Jose Waizel-Bucay Thu Jan 1 2009
Synonim: Arctostaphylos manzanita Parry. Common names: Pinguica (Spanish),
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Subject : Arctostaphylos pungens  

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