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Arctostaphylos manzanita - Parry.
                 
Common Name Manzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof's manzanita, Wieslan
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry coastal slopes and in canyons up to 1200 metres[71, 200].
Range South-western N. America - California.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Arctostaphylos manzanita Manzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Arctostaphylos manzanita Manzanita, Whiteleaf manzanita, Konocti manzanita, Contra Costa manzanita, Roof
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Arctostaphylos manzanita is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Feb to April. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
A. pungens manzanita. Uva-ursi manzanita.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[3, 46, 61]. An agreeable acid flavour but the fruit is dry and mealy[95]. Hard to digest, the fruit should be eaten in moderation[95]. It can be dried and ground into a powder[105, 161] and then used as a flavouring in soups, bread etc[213, 257]. A cooling drink can be made from the fruit[161]. The berries can be crushed to make a sweet, unfermented cider[257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Appetizer;  Astringent;  Poultice;  Stomachic.

A poultice of the chewed leaves is applied to sores and headaches[257]. The leaves are chewed as a treatment for stomach ache and cramps[257]. An infusion of the leaves is used to treat severe colds and diarrhoea[257]. A cider made from the fruit is used in the treatment of stomach complaints and as an appetizer to create appetite[257].
Other Uses
Dye;  Fuel;  Soap.

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[168]. The leaves can be boiled and the yellowish-red extract used as a cleansing body wash[257]. The wood makes an exceedingly fine fuel[257].
Cultivation details
Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam in sun or semi-shade but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[200]. Prefers a warm sunny position[3, 166]. Tolerates maritime exposure[49, 166, 182]. Plants are not hardy in the colder parts of Britain, they tolerate temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Pollination is often poor in Britain[3]. Another report says that the plant does not fruit in this country[11]. This species is called A. pungens manzanita by some botanists[11]. A specimen seen at Cambridge B.G. was 2.5m tall in 1989[K]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[11, 134].
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[11, 200]. Another report says that the seed requires 60 days warm followed by 60 days cold stratification[160]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. Takes one year[1, 78]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively. Layering in spring[200].

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Other Names
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Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arctostaphylos alpinaAlpine Bearberry21
Arctostaphylos columbianaHairy Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos glaucaBigberry Manzanita22
Arctostaphylos nevadensisPine-Mat Manzanita21
Arctostaphylos parryanaParry Manzanita10
Arctostaphylos patulaGreenleaf Manzanita31
Arctostaphylos pungensPointleaf Manzanita11
Arctostaphylos stanfordianaStanford's manzanita, Rincon manzanita30
Arctostaphylos tomentosaDowny Manzanita, Woollyleaf manzanita, Brittleleaf manzanita, Dacite manzanita, Rosy manzanita, San33
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiBearberry34
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30
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Expert comment
 
Author
Parry.
Botanical References
1171200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Trevor P.
Apr 18 2010 12:00AM
is the manzanita found around Redding, CA eatable? Also, your site states that it helps stomach problems. I take Nexium; and was wondering (not asking medical advice) "if you've heard" that in emergencies, eating manzanita (if I don't have any Nexium), would be a reasonable substitute for Nexium?
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Subject : Arctostaphylos manzanita  

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