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Arbutus xalapensis - Kunth.
                 
Common Name Madrono, Texas madrone
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Drier oak forests from Sinaloa, Chihuahua and Nuevo Leon southwards. Usually found on limestone soils at elevations up to 3,000 metres[260].
Range South-western N. America - Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Arbutus xalapensis Madrono, Texas madrone


Arbutus xalapensis Madrono, Texas madrone
http://flickr.com/photos/nofolete/2943660314
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Arbutus xalapensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft 4in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[161, 177].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Wood.

None known
Cultivation details
Requires a lime-free nutrient-rich well-drained moisture-retentive soil in sun or semi-shade and shelter from cold drying winds, especially when young[200]. This species thrives on limestone soils and in dry conditions[260]. Plants are not very hardy in the colder areas of the country, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[200].
Propagation
Seed - best surface sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position in a greenhouse[78]. Do not allow the compost to become dry. 6 weeks cold stratification helps[134]. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c[134]. Seedlings are prone to damp off[184], they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated. Grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts[K]. Basal cuttings in late winter[200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November/December in a frame. Poor percentage[78]. Layering of young wood - can take 2 years[1, 200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Arbutus andrachneGrecian StrawberryTree30
Arbutus arizonicaArizona Maderone21
Arbutus canariensisCanary Madrona20
Arbutus menziesiiMadrona, Pacific madrone, Pacific Madrone32
Arbutus texanaTexas Madrone21
Arbutus unedoStrawberry Tree42
Arbutus x andrachnoides 40
Epigaea repensMayflower, Trailing arbutus, Ground Laurel22
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Expert comment
 
Author
Kunth.
Botanical References
200274
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Colin Carter Sun Feb 5 2006
You are missing something under other uses. The fruit is widely used in Southern Portugal, where the trees grow along the Algarve ranges, to produce a delicious spirit known as "medronho". I live in Spain but I can testify that this highly-underated drink produces significantly less headaches than whisky or brandy.
Elizabeth H.
Colin Carter Sun Feb 5 2006
Damn! My last post was wrong especies. I refer arbutus unedo. Please transfer the previous comments.
Elizabeth H.
TST Tue Mar 27 2007
The suggestion that Texas Madrones prefer acid soil would be quite a surprise to those growing in the wild here in the VERY alkaline (8.0pH and up) soil of the Texas Hill Country.
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Subject : Arbutus xalapensis  

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