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Antirrhinum majus - L.
                 
Common Name Snapdragon, Garden snapdragon
Family Scrophulariaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Old walls, rocks and dry places[17, 100].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Blue, Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.

Antirrhinum majus Snapdragon,  Garden snapdragon


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Antirrhinum_majus_clean.jpg
Antirrhinum majus Snapdragon,  Garden snapdragon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:IvanTortuga
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Antirrhinum majus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil.

An oil that is little inferior to olive oil is said to be obtained from the seeds[4]. The report also says that the plant has been cultivated in Russia for this purpose[4]. The seeds are very small and I wonder about the authenticity of this report[K].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiphlogistic;  Bitter;  Resolvent;  Stimulant.

The leaves and flowers are antiphlogistic, bitter, resolvent and stimulant[7, 115]. They have been employed in poultices on tumours and ulcers[4]. It is effective in the treatment of all kinds of inflammation and is also used on haemorrhoids[7]. The plant is harvested in the summer when in flower and is dried for later use[7].
Other Uses
Dye;  Oil.

A green dye is obtained from the flowers, it does not require a mordant[168]. Dark green and gold can also be obtained if a mordant is used[168].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing, Specimen, Woodland garden. Prefers a light well drained loam and a sunny position[1, 200]. Plants are tolerant of clay and lime soils, and also grow well on old walls[200]. Plants are often grown as an annual since they usually degenerate in their second year[1]. They often self sow when well-sited[K]. There are many named forms, selected for their ornamental value[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Fragrant flowers.
Propagation
Seed - surface sow March in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates in 10 - 21 days at 18°c[134]. Cool nights assist germination[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. The seed can also be sown in situ in July/August and will produce larger and more floriferous plants the following summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood in September in a cold frame[200].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
100200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Tue Dec 28 01:17:51 2004
This plant is found in Malta/Mediterranean basin/Europe

More comprehensive details, medicinal properties, uses, botanical data, plant description and photogallery of high resolutions photos of this plant can be seen on an interesting website about the wild plants of Malta: www.maltawildplants.com

Link: Malta Wild Plants Website and photography by Stephen Mifsud, Malta

Elizabeth H.
martin Sat Feb 28 2009
I have some trach majus, can anyone tell me if this plant will grow in the UK and if so how do you grow it?
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Subject : Antirrhinum majus  

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