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Anthyllis vulneraria - L.
                 
Common Name Kidney Vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry situations on sea cliffs, stony rocks and shingle, usually on shallow calcareous soils[9, 13, 17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to the Caucasus and N. Africa.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Anthyllis vulneraria Kidney Vetch


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Anthyllis_vulneraria_clean.jpg
Anthyllis vulneraria Kidney Vetch
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anthyllis_vulneraria_002.JPG
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Anthyllis vulneraria is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, lepidoptera.It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

The dried flower heads are a tea substitute[9].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiemetic;  Antitussive;  Astringent;  Laxative;  Vulnerary.

The roots leaves and flowers are antitussive, astringent, laxative and vulnerary[7, 9, 13, 21]. This plant is an ancient remedy for skin eruptions, slow-healing wounds, minor wounds, cuts and bruises, it is applied externally[9]. Internally, it is used as a treatment for constipation and as a spring tonic[9]. The plant can be used fresh in the growing season, or harvested when in flower and dried for later use[9].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position[200] and an alkaline soil[7, 13, 17, 21]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 8. Prefers a sandy loam[1, 7]. Thrives in poor soils[200]. A rich food source for bees, butterflies and caterpillars[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame. If there is sufficient seed it can be sown outdoors in situ. Pre-soak the seed for about 12 hrs or scarify the seed[134]. It usually germinates in 1 -2 months at 10°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Marinella Zepigi Pessina Sun Oct 29 2006

Il Forum dei Funghi e Fiori in Italia - Micologia e Botanica scheda

Elizabeth H.
Marinella Zepigi Tue Jun 10 2008

Acta plantarum forum botanico Description -Photos - Anthyllis vulneraria L.

Jim M.
May 11 2012 12:00AM
Soaking the seeds in warm water seems the way to go. I soaked some in warm water for half an hour on 05/05/12, I felt this may have been too long, however, the seeds are all germinating outside, as cold as it's been, by 11/05/12. I soaked a second batch in vinegar as per some instructions on line. Not a good idea. Almost all of the seeds fell apart, but the ones that didn't are showing signs of germination so maybe soaking for five minutes would be okay. Last year I sowed a tray with no soaking, I probably got just five germinating.
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Subject : Anthyllis vulneraria  

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