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Anthoxanthum odoratum - L.
                 
Common Name Sweet Vernal Grass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The plant contains coumarins, this is what gives it the scent of newly mown hay. When used internally, especially from dried plants, it can act to prevent the blood from co-aggulating[13].
Habitats Meadows, woodland margins, heaths and moors on acid and basic soils[9, 17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Anthoxanthum_odoratum0.jpg
Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Anthoxanthum odoratum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to June, and the seeds ripen from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Meadow; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Seed[105, 177]. The seed is very small and its use would be fiddly[K]. A tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves[144]. A sweet pleasant fragrance[183]. Some caution is advised, see notes at top of the page.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anticoagulant;  Antiemetic;  Antispasmodic;  Stimulant.

The whole plant, and especially the flowering stems, is anticoagulant, antispasmodic and stimulant[9, 13]. It is normally only applied externally, where it is used in the treatment of rheumatic pain, chilblains, nervous insomnia etc[9]. It is said that a tincture made from this grass with spirit of wine is an effective and immediate cure for hay fever[4, 240].
Other Uses
Basketry;  Pot-pourri;  Strewing.

The aromatic leaves and dried flowers are used as a strewing herb, they are also woven into baskets[169, 257] and used in pot-pourri[238]. The plant contains coumarin - this is used medicinally and also in rat poisons where it prevents the blood from co-aggulating and thus means that the slightest cut can kill the rat[13].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils[200]. Dislikes shade. This is one of the earliest grasses to flower in the year, it produces a lot of pollen and is a major irritant to people who suffer from hay fever[4]. The dried plant releases a strong and persistent fragrance with a refreshing pungent smell that is difficult to describe but is somewhat like newly-mown hay[245].
Propagation
Seed - sow April in situ, only just covering the seed. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks[134]. Division in spring. Very easy, it can be done successfully at almost any time of the year, though it is best to pot up the divisions in a cold frame if you are doing it outside the growing season.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
L.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
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Subject : Anthoxanthum odoratum  

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