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Anthemis cotula - L.
                 
Common Name Mayweed, Stinking chamomile
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The whole plant is penetrated by an acrid juice, touching or ingesting the plant can cause allergies in some people[4, 222].
Habitats Waste places usually on heavy soil[4, 17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, east to N. and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
A strong odored flowering annual with some edible, medicinal and other uses. Easily confused with A. arvensis but it's strong smell gives it away. Common Names include: mayweed chamomile; stinking chamomile; stinking mayweed. Spanish: camomilla pudenta; manzanilla hedionda; manzanillon. French: anthemis fetide; camomille des chiens; camomille maroute; camomille puante; maroute puante. Portuguese: macela-fetida. Germany: Stinkende Hundskamille. Italy: camomilla cotula; camomilla mezzana. Japan: kamitsuremodoki. Netherlands: stinkende kamille. Sweden: kamomillkulla; surkulla.

Anthemis cotula Mayweed, Stinking chamomile


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koeh-160.jpg
Anthemis cotula Mayweed, Stinking chamomile
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Anthemis cotula is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

The herb is used as a flavouring in Peru[183]. It is aromatic. Caution is advised, there are some reports of toxicity. A herb tea is made from the flowers in a similar way to camomile tea[183] and it has a similar though weaker effect medicinally[4]. The odour is not very pleasant and so it is not commonly used[4].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Emmenagogue;  Stings;  Tonic.


Mayweed is closely related to camomile, but is far less effective as a medicine[254]. It has been used as an antispasmodic and to induce menstruation and was traditionally used to treat supposedly hysterical conditions related to the uterus[254]. It is rarely used in contemporary herbal medicine[254]. The whole plant is antispasmodic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue and tonic[4, 61]. It is used internally as a tea, which can be made either from the flowers or the whole plant, though the flowers are less unpleasant and so are more commonly used[4]. An infusion is used in the treatment of a variety of complaints such as rheumatism, epilepsy, asthma, colds and fevers[257]. Applied externally, it is used as a poultice on piles or to draw splinters out of the body, and can also be applied to the bath water[4, 257]. The leaves are rubbed onto insect stings[222]. Some people are allergic to the plant and this remedy could give them painful blisters[240]. This herb is contraindicated for pregnant women or nursing mothers[254].
Other Uses
Dye;  Repellent.

The growing and the dried plant is said to repel mice and fleas[4, 20], it can also be used as an insecticide[21, 61, 100]. A gold dye is obtained from the whole plant[168, 169].
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position and a well-drained soil that is neutral to slightly acid[1, 200]. Succeeds in heavy clay soils. Bees dislike this plant[4]. The leaves contain glands which release a most disagreeable odour when the plant is handled and can cause allergic reactions in people.
Propagation
Seed - best sown outdoors as soon as it is ripe. Most of the seed germinates in the autumn.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Not very invasive, but aggressive growth particularly in wet, poorly-drained environments. It reduces the yield and quality of harvested crops, particularly of broadleaf crops.
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Anthemis arvensisCorn Chamomile02
Anthemis tinctoriaYellow Camomile, Golden chamomile, Dyers' Chamomile, Golden Marguerite01
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Subject : Anthemis cotula  

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