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Annona mucosa - Jacq.
Common Name Wild Sweetsop
Family Annonaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland humid limestone forest from sea level to around 600 metres[ 307 ]. Found mainly in the more open areas of secondary growth[ 420 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Moist Soil Full sun

Native to tropical South America, Wild Sweetsop (Annona mucosa) belongs in the Annonaceae family. It is an evergreen tree with a low but dense crown and can reach up to 10 ? 20 m tall when fully matured. The leaves are used in folk medicine as a remedy for rheumatism. The edible, yellow fruit has an excellent quality and can be used in ice cream, pies and cakes. The seeds have wide range of uses like as a material in making necklaces and bracelets, and as an insecticide. The wood is yellowish, medium-textured, hard and strong but not durable. The tree is fast growing and cannot tolerate frost. Fruiting starts when the tree is about 4 years old.

Annona mucosa Wild Sweetsop

Ahmad Fuad Morad
Annona mucosa Wild Sweetsop
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Annona mucosa is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Rollinia deliciosa Saff. Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill. Rollinia orthopetala A.DC. Rollinia pulchrin

Edible Uses
Fruit - raw or cooked. Of excellent quality[ 46 ]. The yellow fruits have a juicy, melting flesh of a very pleasant flavour, reminiscent of lemon meringue pie[ 301 ]. Delicious[ 317 ]. Usually eaten raw, they can also be used in ice cream, pies, cakes etc[ 301 ]. The fruit can be up to 15cm wide[ 307 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The leaves are utilized in folk medicine as a treatment against rheumatism[ 317 ].
Other Uses
Other uses rating: Low (2/5). Other Uses The seeds are very hard. They are used as beads in necklaces and bracelets[ 317 , 420 ]. The seeds are used as an insecticide[ 317 ]. The yellowish wood is medium-textured, straight grained, heavy in one report[ 307 ], but light in another[ 420 ], hard and strong[ 307 , 420 ]. It has poor mechanical properties and is not durable[ 420 ]. It is used for small constructions, making boxes and linings[ 317 , 420 ].
Cultivation details
A plant of the hot, humid, tropical lowlands[ 335 ]. Plants are very susceptible to frost damage[ 335 ]. Prefers a fertile, well-drained soil and a position in full sun[ 307 ]. A fast-growing tree[ 307 ]. Plants can commence bearing fruit when about 4 years old[ 416 ]. Plants are becoming threatened in the wild due to deforestation[ 307 ].
The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ]. Sow the seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 50% can be expected from treated seeds[ 420 ]. When the seedlings are 6 - 8cm tall, pot them up into individual containers[ 420 ]. Layering. Grafting.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Wild Sweetsop (Annona mucosa)
Found In
Coming Soon
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Annona atemoyaAtemoya40
Annona cherimolaCherimoya, Custard Apple52
Annona liebmannianaPosh-te40
Annona muricataSour Sop43
Annona salzmanniiBeach Sugar Apple40
Annona squamosaSugar Apple, Sweetsop, Custard Apple52
Annona vepretorumAraticum, Pinha da Caatinga, Araticum-da-bahia40
Asimina trilobaPapaw42
Cananga odorataYlang Ylang, Perfume Tree23
Oxandra lanceolataBlack lancewood, lancewood, haya prieta00
Oxandra laurifoliaYaya, lancewood00
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For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
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