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Angelica archangelica - L.
                 
Common Name Angelica, Norwegian angelica
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis[238].
Habitats Moist shady places in Britain[4, 14, 27, 37].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Angelica archangelica Angelica, Norwegian angelica


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Angelica_archangelica0_clean.jpg
Angelica archangelica Angelica, Norwegian angelica
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Angelica_archangelica_001.JPG
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Angelica archangelica is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Archangelica officinalis.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root;  Seed;  Stem.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves - raw or cooked[2, 4, 14, 27, 37, 52]. A liquorice-like flavour[183], they can be used as a flavouring in mixed salads[K]. They are also used to sweeten tart fruits[K]. Stalks and young shoots - cooked or raw[2, 37]. The stalks should be peeled[115], they can be used like celery[183]. They can also be used to sweeten tart fruits[52] and to make jam[244]. They are often crystallised in sugar and used as sweets and cake decorations[244]. The stems are best harvested in the spring[244]. An essential oil is obtained from the root and seeds, it is used as a food flavouring[46, 57, 100, 183]. Root - cooked[2]. Seed - used as a flavouring in liqueurs such as Chartreuse[244]. A tea can be made from the leaves, seed or roots[183].
Medicinal Uses


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Antispasmodic;  Appetizer;  Carminative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  
Tonic.

Angelica has a long folk-history of use as a medicinal herb, in particular for the treatment of digestive disorders and problems with blood circulation[4, 254]. The root is the most active medicinally, it should be harvested in the autumn of its first year of growth, sliced longitudinally if necessary and dried quickly[4]. If well stored, the root retains its medicinal virtues for many years[4]. The leaves and seeds can also be used[4]. The leaves are harvested and dried in late spring before the plant comes into flower[244]. The plant is antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic[4, 9, 14, 21, 46, 165]. An infusion is used to ease flatulence, indigestion, chronic bronchitis and typhus[244]. It stimulates blood flow to the peripheral parts of the body and so is of value in treating poor circulation - it is considered a specific treatment for Buerger's disease, a condition that narrows the arteries of the hands and feet[254]. Angelica is contra-indicated for people with a tendency towards diabetes since its use can increase sugar levels in the urine[4]. This plant should not be prescribed for pregnant women[238], nor should the juice be allowed to come into contact with the eyes[244]. An essential oil from the seeds is sometimes used as a rub to relieve rheumatic conditions[244]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Angelica archangelica fruit for fevers and colds, infection of the urinary tract, dyspeptic complaints and loss of appetite. The root has been approved for dyspeptic complaints and loss of appetite. (see [302] for critics of commission E). No health hazards or side-effects if the proper administration of therapeutic dosages. Avoid sunbathing and intensive UV radiation for the duration of a treatment [301].
Other Uses
Essential.

An essential oil from the root and seeds is used in perfumery, medicinally and as a food flavouring[4, 46, 57, 100]. The oil from the seeds has a musk-like aroma and is often used to flavour liqueurs[245]. The dried root contains 0.35% essential oil, the seed about 1.3%[240]. Yields of the essential oil vary according to location, plants growing at higher altitudes have higher yields with a better aroma[240].
Cultivation details
Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun[52, 200]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.5 to 7.3. A very hardy plant, tolerating severe frosts without damage[4]. Although by nature biennial, the plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed[200]. Angelica is occasionally cultivated in the herb garden, mainly for its culinary uses[46]. The plants have a pervading aromatic odour[4]. The growing plant is almost untroubled by pests and diseases[4]. It attracts bees and hoverflies to the garden, helping to create a natural balance of insect pests and predators[24]. When well-sited, the plant will often self-sow - sometimes to the point of nuisance[245].
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability[200]. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Angelica acutilobaDong Dang Gui21
Angelica anomala 02
Angelica atropurpureaPurplestem Angelica22
Angelica crucifolia 20
Angelica dahuricaBai Zhi23
Angelica decursiva 22
Angelica edulis 20
Angelica genuflexaKneeling Angelica21
Angelica gigasGiant Angelica, Purple Parsnip, Korean Angelica22
Angelica glauca 21
Angelica japonica 30
Angelica keiskei 20
Angelica koreana 20
Angelica laxiflora 01
Angelica megaphylla 20
Angelica montana 20
Angelica polymorpha 22
Angelica pubescensDu Huo23
Angelica sinensisDang Gui - Dong Quai - Chinese Angelica05
Angelica sylvestrisWild Angelica,Woodland angelica32
Angelica uchiyamanae 01
Angelica ursina 20
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe22
Aralia elataJapanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree22
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica Tree22
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking Stick22
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Subject : Angelica archangelica  

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