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Agapanthus africanus - (L.)Hoffman.
                 
Common Name African Lily, Lily of the nile
Family Alliaceae
USDA hardiness 9-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky sandstone slopes, usually in montane regions[282]. Upper slopes of Table mountain and the southern mountains[73].
Range S. Africa - Cape Peninsula to Swellendam.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Blue. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Late summer. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect.

Agapanthus africanus African Lily, Lily of the nile


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Conrado
Agapanthus africanus African Lily, Lily of the nile
http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedista:Dezidor
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of bulb
Agapanthus africanus is an evergreen Bulb growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
A. umbellatus. pro parte

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cardiac;  Stomachic.

Cardiac, stomachic[61].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing, Specimen. Succeed in most soils[175], but prefers a light very well-drained porous soil with plenty of leaf-mold[1, 200]. Plants need to be kept moderately dry during the growing season but with some moisture in winter[1]. They only flower freely if growing in a very sunny position[175]. Plants succeed in maritime gardens[233]. The rhizomes are best planted only just below soil level - a mulch of gravel or stone chips will help to keep the crown of the plant free from excess moisture[282]. This species does not usually do well in cultivation[282]. In the wild it usually only flowers freely in the year following a bush fire[282]. This species is not very hardy in Britain[1], but some forms of the plant tolerate several degrees of frost[200]. They are best given a good mulch if temperatures lower than 0°c occur[200]. Plants are growing well at the foot of a wall in Cambridge Botanical Gardens[K]. Hybridizes very freely with other members of this genus, some botanists say there is only one very variable species of Agapanthus[200]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. The flowering stems lean towards the sun[175]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200], it can also be sown in a greenhouse in March/April[133]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 18°c[133], do not sow it too thickly so that it is possible to grow the seedlings on in their pot without disturbing them for their first year of growth. Give occasional liquid feeds to make sure they do not become nutrient deficient. Divide the seedlings up into individual pots in the spring following germination, grow them on for a further year in the greenhouse and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Seedlings take 2 - 3 years to flower[133]. Division of offsets in April/May. Do not move plants between October and March[175]. Division is very easy in the growing season, the divisions can be planed straight out into their permanent positions if required.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
(L.)Hoffman.
Botanical References
73200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
FRED THORPE Fri Mar 14 2008
Informative, useful and helpful

Gardening for you Gardening pages, with hints tips and advice, with a little humour thrown in.

Elizabeth H.
Ilinka Sat Jul 26 2008
please can you tell if the seeds of agapantus need to be stratified. With thanks Ilinka
Elizabeth H.
Annette Thu Jul 31 2008
In South Africa the leaves of the Agapanthus has been used for ages as picked a relief for tired and painful feet. The leaves are picked and placed inside the shoes.
Elizabeth H.
Lorna Fulcher Mon Aug 18 2008
True Agapanthus africanus is very difficult to grow in cultivation so any plants offered under this name are probably praecox not africanus.
Elizabeth H.
Raffi Wed Jul 22 2009

Plants.am gardening wiki: Lily of the Nile cultivation information

Jethro S.
Information on Agapanthus Africanus, with planting suggestions relevant to Souther Africa. Oct 29 2011 12:00AM
Agapanthus africanus on Kumbula Plant Database
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Subject : Agapanthus africanus  

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