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Aconitum napellus - L.
                 
Common Name Aconite, Venus' chariot, Wolfsbane Garden, Monk's Hood Garden
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards The whole plant is highly toxic, acting especially on the nerve centres. At first it stimulates the central and peripheral nervous system and then paralyzes it. Other symptoms of poisoning include a burning sensation on the tongue, vomiting, stomach pain and diarrhoea. Simple skin contact with the plant has caused numbness in some people[4, 7, 9, 10, 14, 19, 65, 76, 244]. The root contains 90% more poison than the leaves[232].
Habitats Damp shady places and moist rich meadows in southern Wales and south-western England[7, 13, 31, 165, 176]. It is usually found in calcareous soils[9].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, east to N. W. Asia and the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Blue. Main Bloom Time: Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Upright or erect.

Aconitum napellus Aconite, Venus


Aconitum napellus Aconite, Venus
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ies
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Aconitum napellus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 10-Feb It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Some reports suggest the root is edible if cooked[2, 177], but these should be treated with extreme caution due to the highly toxic nature of the plant[K].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Anodyne;  Antirheumatic;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Homeopathy;  Irritant;  
Sedative.

Aconite has been used since ancient times, especially as an antidote to poisoning[244]. Since the entire plant is itself very toxic, however, any use should be under the guidance of a skilled practitioner[4]. All parts of the plant are used medicinally. The root is the most important and this is harvested as soon as the plant dies down in the autumn and is dried before use[4]. The other parts of the plant are less important and are used fresh, being harvested when the plant is coming into flower[4]. The root is analgesic, anodyne, antirheumatic, diaphoretic, diuretic, irritant and sedative[4, 7, 9, 165, 200]. Due to its poisonous nature, it is not normally used internally though it has been used in the treatment of fevers[200]. Externally, it is applied to unbroken skin in the treatment of rheumatism, painful bruises, neuralgia etc[200, 254]. All parts of the plant, except the root, are harvested when the plant is in flower and used to make a homeopathic medicine[232]. This is analgesic and sedative and is used especially in the treatment of fevers, inflammation, bronchitis, neuralgia etc[9, 232].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Woodland garden. Thrives in most soils and in the light shade of trees[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a moist soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Plants only thrive in a sunny position if the soil remains moist throughout the growing season[238]. Prefers a calcareous soil. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.5 to 7.5. Plants take 2 - 3 years to flower when grown from seed[244]. Grows well in open woodlands[1, 4]. The flowers are very attractive to bees[244]. Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits and deer[233]. Although the plant is a perennial, individual roots only live for one year and die after flowering. Each root produces a number of 'daughter' roots before it dies and these can be used for propagating the plant[4]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby species, especially legumes[54]. An aggregate species which is divided by some botanists into many species[17, 76]. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[111]. The seed can be stratified and sown in spring but will then be slow to germinate[133]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. Division - best done in spring but it can also be done in autumn[1, 111]. Another report says that division is best carried out in the autumn or late winter because the plants come into growth very early in the year[233].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aconitum balfourii 01
Aconitum carmichaeliiJapanese Aconite, Carmichael's monkshood02
Aconitum chasmanthum 01
Aconitum chinense 01
Aconitum columbianumColumbian monkshood01
Aconitum delphinifolium 01
Aconitum dienorrhizum 01
Aconitum feroxIndian aconite01
Aconitum fischeriFischer monkshood01
Aconitum gammiei 01
Aconitum hemsleyanum 01
Aconitum heterophyllum 12
Aconitum japonicum 02
Aconitum koreanumKorean Monk's Hood10
Aconitum kusnezoffiiBei Wu Tou01
Aconitum lycoctonumWolfsbane11
Aconitum lycoctonum vulpariaWolfbane11
Aconitum maximumKamchatka aconite00
Aconitum mokchangense 10
Aconitum multifidum 10
Aconitum orientale 01
Aconitum palmatum 01
Aconitum rotundifolium 10
Aconitum septentrionale 10
Aconitum uncinatumWild Monkshood, Southern blue monkshood01
Aconitum violaceum 11
Aconitum volubile 11
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Marinella Zepigi Pessina Sun Oct 29 2006

Il Forum dei Funghi e Fiori in Italia - Micologia e Botanica scheda

Elizabeth H.
ikram ul haq Thu Nov 20 2008
a very good task from u.we both the friends faheem and ikram appreciated u.
Elizabeth H.
ethnoplants Tue Nov 25 2008
hello! there are a fresh seeds in ethnoplants thank's you

ethnoplants Aconitum napellus seeds

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Subject : Aconitum napellus  

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