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Achnatherum hymenoides - (Roem.&Schult.)Barkworth.
                 
Common Name Indian Millet, Indian ricegrass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sandy prairies and rocky slopes[43]. Generally found in dry, well-drained soils, in association with a range of plants[270].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to Manitoba, south to Texas, California and Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Achnatherum hymenoides Indian Millet, Indian ricegrass


Achnatherum hymenoides Indian Millet, Indian ricegrass
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Achnatherum hymenoides is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
O. cuspidata. O. membranacea. Stipa hymenoides. S. membranacea.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - raw, cooked or ground into a meal and used in making bread etc, gruel and as a thickener in soups[2, 46, 85, 106, 183]. The seed is rather small but when fully ripe it falls readily from the plant and is fairly easy to harvest[183]. Another report says that the seed is rather large[183], but this has not been our experience[K]. The seeds were parched over the flames of a fire in order to remove the hairs[213]. A pleasant taste and very nutritious[85, 183], it contains about 6% sugars and 20% starch[213]. Before corn was introduced to the area, this seed was at one time a staple food for some native North American Indian tribes[213].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Soil reclamation.

Several cultivars have been developed for use in restoration work on the prairies[270].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in any moderately fertile moisture retentive soil in full sun[200]. This species is unlikely to tolerate temperatures lower than about -5°c, and so will only be suitable for the milder areas of the country[213]. Currently (1992) being tested for its potential as a perennial cereal for sandy soils in dry regions[183]. This plants roots are often surrounded by a rhizosheath that harbors nitrogen-fixing organisms[270]. These organisms probably contribute to the species' success as a colonizer[270].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in situ[200]. We have had better results from sowing the seed in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and it should germinate freely within 2 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer[K]. Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
(Roem.&Schult.)Barkworth.
Botanical References
4360200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
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Subject : Achnatherum hymenoides  

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