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Acacia retinodes - Schltdl.
                 
Common Name Swamp Wattle, Water wattle
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Occurs mainly in open forest in poorly drained soils inland from the coast[286].
Range Australia - Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania. Locally naturalized in S. Europe[50].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Acacia retinodes Swamp Wattle, Water wattle


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Acacia retinodes Swamp Wattle, Water wattle
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Acacia_melanoxylon0.jpg
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Acacia retinodes is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Feb to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Flowers - cooked[144]. Rich in pollen, they are often used in fritters. Seed[144, 157]. No more details are given. The seedpods can be up to 18cm long[219]. Acacia seeds are highly nutritious and contain approx 26% protein, 26% available carbohydrate, 32% fibre and 9% fat[278]. The fat content is higher than most legumes with the aril providing the bulk of fatty acids present[278]. These fatty acids are largely unsaturated which is a distinct health advantage although it presents storage problems as such fats readily oxidise[278]. The mean total carbohydrate content of 55.8 + 13.7% is lower than that of lentils, but higher than that of soybeans while the mean fibre content of 32.3 + 14.3% is higher than that of other legumes such as lentils with a level of 11.7%[278]. The energy content is high in all species tested, averaging 1480+270 kJ per 100g[278]. Wattle seeds are low glycaemic index foods. The starch is digested and absorbed very slowly, producing a small, but sustained rise in blood glucose and so delaying the onset of exhaustion in prolonged exercise[278].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye;  Soil stabilization.

A yellow dye is obtained from the flowers[168]. A green dye is obtained from the seed pods[168]. The extensive root system of this plant helps to prevent soil erosion[200].
Cultivation details
Prefers a well-drained sandy loam and a very sunny position[1, 260], but it also stands drought and wet well[260]. Succeeds in any good garden soil, this species is said to be fairly lime tolerant[11, 166, 182, 200]. Succeeds in a hot dry position[166]. Plants are fairly tolerant of salt in the soil and salt-laden winds[260]. This species is said to be hardy from mid-Sussex southwards and westwards[1]. However, trees are not very hardy outdoors in most parts of Britain and even in the mildest areas of the country they are likely to be killed in excessively harsh winters[11]. A very ornamental tree[1]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a warm greenhouse[1]. Stored seed should be scarified, pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in a warm greenhouse in March. The seed germinates in 3 - 4 weeks at 25°c[133]. As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a sunny position in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in individual pots in a frame[78]. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Fair percentage[78].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acacia aneuraMulga Acacia30
Acacia auriculiformisEar-Pod Wattle, Black Acacia, Earleaf, Black wattle10
Acacia concinnaShikakai, Soap-Pod21
Acacia coriaceaWiry Wattle, Acacia, Leather Leaf30
Acacia cultriformisKnife-Leaf Wattle, Knife acacia20
Acacia dealbataMimosa, Silver wattle20
Acacia decurrensGreen Wattle21
Acacia farnesianaSweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Huisache22
Acacia longifoliaSydney Golden Wattle, Acacia30
Acacia mearnsiiBlack Wattle, Late black wattle13
Acacia melanoxylonBlackwood, Australia Acacia, Black Acacia, Blackwood Acacia21
Acacia mucronataNarrow-Leaf Wattle20
Acacia paradoxaKangaroo Thorn, Paradox acacia10
Acacia podalyriifoliaQueensland Silver Wattle, Pearl wattle10
Acacia pycnanthaGolden Wattle20
Acacia salignaBlue-Leaved Wattle, Orange wattle10
Acacia sophoraeCoastal Wattle, Acacia20
Acacia verticillataPrickly Moses10
Arracacia xanthorrhizaArracacha40
Robinia pseudoacaciaBlack Locust, Yellow Locust32
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Expert comment
 
Author
Schltdl.
Botanical References
11200286
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Caroline Pugsley Fri Jul 20 2007
I have an Acacia retinoides planted about 4 years ago. It is now about 4 meters high. Subsequently we have enstalled a septic tank and drainage pipes within about 4 meters of the tree. Will the roots of my acaia tree cause damage to the septic tank system. Should I move the tree, if so, what season would be best?
Elizabeth H.
Caroline Pugsley Tue Sep 4 2007
We planted an Acacia retinodes in our garden 4 years ago. It is now a handsome specimen some 2 meters high. Unfortunately we then had to change our septic tank system and the tree is now some 3 meters away from the tanks and the necessary pipework. Is this going to be a problem in years to come? Should we move the tree? Would the tree do as well in a zone that is sometimes a bit waterlogged but could also be rather dry?
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