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Aralia cordata - Thunb.
                 
Common Name Udo
Family Araliaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets and thin woods, esp. by streams and ravines, all over Japan[58, 275].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Summary

Aralia cordata Udo


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aralia_cordata_SZ25.png
Aralia cordata Udo
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Aralia cordata is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
A. edulis. A. nutans.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root;  Stem.
Edible Uses:

Young branched shoots - cooked or raw[2, 46, 61, 105, 177, 279]. They can be up to 1.5 metres long and have a mild and agreeable flavour[116]. They are usually blanched and are crisp and tender with a unique lemon-like flavour[183]. They can be sliced and added to salads, soups etc[206]. The shoots contain about 1.1% protein, 0.42% fat, 0.8% soluble carbohydrate, 0.55% ash[179]. Root - cooked[22, 105, 177]. Used like scorzonera[2].
Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Shoots (Fresh weight)
  • 0 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 1.1g; Fat: 0.42g; Carbohydrate: 0.8g; Fibre: 0g; Ash: 0.55g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 0mg; Phosphorus: 0mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg;
  • Reference: [ ]
  • Notes:
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Antiinflammatory;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  Tonic.


The root is sometimes used in China as a substitute for ginseng (Panax species)[218]. It is said to be analgesic, antiinflammatory, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, stimulant, stomachic and tonic[218, 279]. The root contains an essential oil, saponins, sesquiterpenes and diterpene acids[279]. It is used in Korea to treat the common cold and migraines[279].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a good deep loam and a semi-shady position[1, 134]. Requires a sheltered position[1]. Plants are hardier when grown in poorer soils[200]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.0 to 7.4. Dormant plants are hardy to about -25°c[187]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. This is a commonly cultivated food crop in Japan, where it is grown for its edible shoots. There are several named varieties[2, 46, 58, 116].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 - 5 months of cold stratification. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Once the plants are 25cm or more tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions, late spring or early summer being the best time to do this. Root cuttings 8cm long, December in a cold frame[11, 78]. Store the roots upside down in sand and pot up in March/April. High percentage[78]. Division of suckers in late winter[11]. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aralia chinensisChinese Angelica Tree, Pumila Spirea, Chinese Astilbe22
Aralia continentalisManchurian Spikenard20
Aralia elataJapanese Angelica Tree, Angelica Tree22
Aralia hispidaBristly Sarsaparilla11
Aralia mandschuricaManchurian Angelica Tree22
Aralia nudicaulisWild Sarsaparilla43
Aralia racemosaAmerican Spikenard33
Aralia schmidtiiSakhalin Spikenard20
Aralia spinosaHercule's Club, Aralia spinosa, American Angelica Tree, Hercules' Club, Devil's Walking Stick22
Eleutherococcus chiisanensis 20
Eleutherococcus divaricatus 20
Eleutherococcus gracylistylusWu Jia Pi13
Eleutherococcus innovansTaka-No-Tsume10
Eleutherococcus japonicus 10
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian Ginseng25
Eleutherococcus seoulensis 10
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus 23
Eleutherococcus sieboldianusUkogi, Five Leafed Aralia30
Eleutherococcus spinosus 22
Eleutherococcus trifoliatus 11
Hedera helixIvy, English ivy, Algerian ivy, Baltic Ivy, Common Ivy03
Hedera nepalensisNepal Ivy02
Kalopanax sciadophylloides 10
Kalopanax septemlobusTree Aralia, Castor aralia21
Kirkophytum lyallii 10
Oplopanax horridusDevil's Club22
Panax ginsengGinseng, Chinese ginseng25
Panax japonicusJapanese Ginseng11
Panax pseudoginsengGinseng, Japanese ginseng13
12
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Author
Thunb.
Botanical References
58200275
Links / References
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Subject : Aralia cordata  

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