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Solanum muricatum - Aiton.

Common Name Pepino
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards Although no specific mention of toxicity has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many if not all the members have poisonous leaves and sometimes also the unripe fruits.
Habitats Not known
Range S. America - Chile, Peru.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Solanum muricatum Pepino


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Michael_w
Solanum muricatum Pepino
http://cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedista:Dezidor

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Summary

Pepino or pepino dulce (sweet cucumber) is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) grown for its sweet edible fruit similar to honeydew or rockmelon and with a juicy melon-like texture. With a sprawling habit, it is an excellent ground cover plant possible to grow on a fence or trellis.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Solanum muricatum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Aug to October, and the seeds ripen from Sep to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

S. guatamalense.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. A juicy, sweet aromatic and very agreeable flavour[1, 46, 61], somewhat like a honeydew melon[183]. The skin of some varieties has a disagreeable flavour[196]. The fruit contains 35mg vitamin C per 100g, 7% carbohydrates and 92% water[196]. The fruit should be harvested just before it is fully ripe and will store for several weeks at room temperature[196]. The fruit is about 10cm long and 6cm wide[200].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most well-drained soils in a sunny position[1, 196]. If the soil is too fertile fruit production will suffer due to excess vegetative growth[196]. Requires a pH above 6 in order to avoid disorders such as manganese toxicity or iron deficiency[196]. Frequently cultivated for its edible fruit in S. America, there are some named varieties[183, 196]. Yields of 40 - 60 tonnes per hectare have been achieved[196]. Plants are not very hardy in Britain, being cut to the ground by fairly light frosts. Seedlings show no resistance to frost, established plants are cut back at -3°c[196]. In a warm position and given a good mulch however, the roots can survive the winter and regrow from the base in the spring. Cuttings are exceedingly easy and these can be overwintered in a greenhouse to provide fresh plants for the following year[K]. Plants do not appear to have a sensitivity to day-length[196]. Plants can set fruit parthenocarpically (without fertilization or seed being formed) but self-fertilization or insect fertilization greatly encourages fruiting[196]. High temperatures, particularly above 30°c, at flowering time can cause the flowers to abort[196].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very easy. Overwinter in a greenhouse and plant out after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Solanum andigenumAndigena20
Solanum aviculareKangaroo Apple, New Zealand nightshade22
Solanum boreale 10
Solanum boyacense 10
Solanum cari 10
Solanum carolinenseHorse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle02
Solanum chauchaChaucha10
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Solanum dulcamaraBittersweet. Bittersweet Nightshade, Climbing nightshade, Bittersweet, Deadly Nightshade, Poisonous03
Solanum fendleriWild Potato, Fendler's horsenettle, Texan horsenettle32
Solanum jamesiiColorado Wild Potato, Wild potato20
Solanum juzepczukiiRucki20
Solanum kurzii 10
Solanum laciniatumKangaroo Apple22
Solanum linearifoliumMountain Kangaroo Apple20
Solanum liximitante 10
Solanum luteum 10
Solanum lycopersicumTomato, Garden Tomato53
Solanum lyratum 12
Solanum maglia 20
Solanum melongenaAubergine, Eggplant32
Solanum nigrumBlack Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Poisonberry, Black Nightshade22
Solanum paniculatumJurubeba, Nightshade04
Solanum phurejaPhureja, Nightshade30
Solanum piliferum 20
Solanum pimpinellifoliumCurrant Tomato42
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Expert comment

Author

Aiton.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Malcolm Revis   Fri Sep 1 2006

When is the fruit ready to be picked? About October? And are there any indications eg colour to show a fruit is ready to be picked?

Jay Mynott   Sun Apr 12 2009

I have just planted 3 pepino in my greenhouse. They are sturdy but only about 4 inches tall. My soil is on the acid side and keeping the plants well watered is not a problem. I am hoping to harvest fruits later on the year. Am I being too optomistic? What amount does one hope to harvest from one plant? Thanks for your help. In anticipation Jay

Louis   Tue Sep 8 2009

Can you please tell me if information is avalable about this fruit if it is alkaline or acidic to the body? I have many of these plants in the garden and eat them regularly. Thanks Louis

Raffi   Sun Oct 11 2009

Gardenology.org - Garden wiki & Plant encyclopedia Solanum muricatum article

Rose Barry   Sun Nov 22 2009

I bought a plant from LIDL with no label except 'Solarnum' on the pot. It is bushy and has produced 6 large plum sized fruit. They are pale, creamy with purple stripes from base to stem. I picked them and put them on my kitchen windowsill hoping for some sun to ripen them. This was about a month ago, but in frustration I cut one open and scooped out the flesh. I didn't die! It was delicious, a subtle sweet flavour and most enjoyable. Not sure if the plant will survive the winter as it is still outside in a pot,in the Hertfordshire,UK. cool rainy weather. Here's hoping. Rose B

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