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Coptis deltoidea - C.Y.Cheng.&Hsiao.

Common Name
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no specific mention of toxicity has been found for this species, it belongs to a family that contains many species that are mildly toxic and so it is wise to treat this plant with some caution.
Habitats Damp coniferous woods and bogs[200]. Forests at elevations of 1600 - 2000 metres in W Sichuan[266].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Coptis deltoidea


Coptis deltoidea

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Coptis deltoidea is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to April, and the seeds ripen from Apr to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Antidote;  Antipyretic;  Antiseptic;  Cholagogue;  Sedative;  Vasodilator.

The root is analgesic, antidote, antipyretic, antiseptic, cholagogue, sedative and vasodilator[176]. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, acute enteritis, dysentery, insomnia, fidgets, delirium due to high fever, inflammation of the mouth and tongue, leukaemia, conjunctivitis and otitis media[176]. The root contains berberine which is a broad-spectrum antibacterial, increases the phagocytosis of white blood cells on Staphylococcus aureus, is antihypertensive by dilating the coronary artery and blood vessels of the internal viscera, relaxes the smooth muscles of the blood vessels and excites the smooth muscles of the uterus, bronchi, stomach, intestines and urinary bladder[176].

Other Uses

Can be grown as a ground cover plant in the peat garden[200].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in a light moist humus-rich slightly acidic soil with a northerly aspect or light shade[1, 200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in an ericaceous compost[164]. Seal the pot in a polythene bag until germination takes place, which is usually within 1 - 6 months at 10°c[164]. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible. Four weeks cold stratification may be beneficial[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a shady part of the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in mid-autumn or in spring. Division in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Coptis brachypetala 00
Coptis chinensisHuang Lian03
Coptis japonica 02
Coptis occidentalisIdaho goldthread00
Coptis teetaYun Lian12
Coptis trifoliaGoldthread, Threeleaf goldthread22

 

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Author

C.Y.Cheng.&Hsiao.

Botanical References

266

Links / References

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