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Barbarea verna - (Mill.)Asch.

Common Name Land Cress, Early yellowrocket
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste and cultivated ground.
Range S.W. Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Barbarea verna Land Cress, Early yellowrocket


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Barbarea verna Land Cress, Early yellowrocket
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projet:Botanique/Accord_Henry_Brisse

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Barbarea verna is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from Jun to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies, bees, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

B. praecox. (Sm.)R.Br. Campe verna.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; North Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Young leaves - raw, cooked or used as a seasoning[1, 2, 33, 37, 52]. A hot, spicy watercress flavour, they are delicious in salads[183, 244]. Leaves can be obtained throughout the year if autumn-sown plants are given a light protection in winter[1]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[46, 52, 61, 183]. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads etc[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Oil.

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in sun or shade in a moist well-drained soil,[200] growing well on a north facing wall[33, 52]. The summer crop is best if it is given some shade whilst the winter crop succeeds in sunny positions[1, 200]. Land cress is often cultivated as a salad plant, when it is usually treated as an annual[46]. It can supply leaves all year round from successional sowings[1]. In hot weather plants soon run to seed unless they are kept shaded and moist[183]. The leaves taste much hotter in the summer[K]. Plants usually self-sow freely when growing in a suitable position[K].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring to September in situ at 3-weekly intervals to provide a succession of leaves. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Barbarea australis 21
Barbarea orthocerasAmerican Yellowrocket20
Barbarea vulgarisYellow Rocket, Garden yellowrocket31

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Mill.)Asch.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Barbara Cook   Tue May 1 2007

Some people eat 6-12 raw seed pods of this plant before food in the AM and PM as a vermifuge. Also used similarly to horseradish for catarrh, cold, indigestion, and flatulence. Its actions are considered mild.

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Subject : Barbarea verna  
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