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Ribes americanum - Mill.

Common Name American Blackcurrant
Family Grossulariaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich thickets and slopes[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Saskatchewan to New Brunswick, south to Maryland and West Virginia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ribes americanum American Blackcurrant


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Ribes americanum American Blackcurrant
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Ribes americanum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower from Apr to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

R. floridum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 61, 85, 101, 257]. They are used in jellies, jams, pies and preserves, and can be dried for later use[183, 257]. Comments on the flavour of these blackcurrants vary considerably, with one report saying they are esteemed as an article of diet[257], another that they have a fair flavour[2], another that they are watery and insipid[2] and others that they have a distinct musky flavour and are only palatable when cooked[159, 183]. The fruit is up to 10mm in diameter[235].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Antiinflammatory;  Kidney;  Vermifuge;  Women's complaints.

A decoction of the roots has been used to treat kidney problems[213, 257] and also to expel worms[222]. It has been used by women to treat uterine problems[257]. The root bark is anthelmintic[257]. The poulticed root bark has been applied to swellings[222, 257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Easily grown in a moisture retentive but well-drained loamy soil of at least moderate quality[11, 200]. Quite tolerant of shade though not fruiting so well in such a position[11]. Hardy to about -20°c[200]. Plants can harbour a stage of 'white pine blister rust', so they should not be grown in the vicinity of pine trees[155].Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification at -2 to +2°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible[113, 164]. Under normal storage conditions the seed can remain viable for 17 years or more. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out in late spring of the following year Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 10 - 15cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78, 113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, preferably with a heel of the previous year's growth, November to February in a cold frame or sheltered bed outdoors[78, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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123

 

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Author

Mill.

Botanical References

1143200

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Subject : Ribes americanum  
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