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Plantago media - L.

Common Name Hoary Plantain
Family Plantaginaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Fields, meadows and lawns[7]. A common weed of lawns and cultivated land, especially on dry or calcareous soils[1].
Range Southern Europe, including Britain, to temperate Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Plantago media Hoary Plantain


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Plantago media Hoary Plantain
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Plantago media is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind, flies, beetles, bees.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Lawn; Meadow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked[7]. The very young leaves have a fairly mild flavour but with a slight bitterness[K]. Used in salads before they become tough[7]. The inflorescence is sweet and is sucked by children[177, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Demulcent;  Deobstruent;  Depurative;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Haemostatic;  Laxative;  
Odontalgic;  Ophthalmic;  Refrigerant.

The leaves, flowering stems and roots are somewhat astringent, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic, refrigerant and vulnerary[4, 7]. They are applied externally to skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts etc[4, 7]. A mouthwash made from the leaves helps to relieve toothache and a distilled water is a good eyewash[7]. The seeds are demulcent and laxative[4, 7]. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[238]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[238].

Other Uses

Fungicide.

The leaves are a cure for blight on fruit trees[14].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. Grows well in the spring meadow[24]. An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[30]. The flowers are sweetly scented[245].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alisma plantago-aquaticaGreat Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water plan13
Plantago affraPsyllium13
Plantago amplexicaulis 12
Plantago arenariaFrench Psyllium13
Plantago asiaticaChe Qian Zi13
Plantago australisMexican Plantain12
Plantago camtschatica 12
Plantago coronopusBuck's-Horn Plantain32
Plantago crassifolia 12
Plantago cunninghamii 00
Plantago debilis 00
Plantago decipiens 12
Plantago depressa 12
Plantago hakusanensis 12
Plantago juncoides 12
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain, Narrowleaf plantain23
Plantago majorCommon Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man's Foot ,Plantain23
Plantago maritimaSea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tongue32
Plantago oliganthus 12
Plantago ovataBlond Psyllium, Desert Indianwheat23
Plantago psylliumFleawort23
Plantago rugeliiBlackseed Plantain12

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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Subject : Plantago media  
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