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Caragana brevispina - Royle. ex Benth.

Common Name Pea Tree, Bebali kanda
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards Reports that this plant contains toxins have not been substantiated[65]. The occurrence of cystine in the seeds is doubtful[65].
Habitats Higher forests, in the undergrowth of fir and oak forests or in open glades on dry ridges from 1500 - 2700 metres[146].
Range E. Asia - N.W. Himalayas..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Caragana brevispina Pea Tree, Bebali kanda


Caragana brevispina Pea Tree, Bebali kanda

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Caragana brevispina is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[160]. Small but produced in abundance. The seed of a plant seen at the Royal Horticultural Gardens, Wisley in Surrey in September 1993 was about twice the size of C. arborescens but it had a distinctly bitter taste[K]. High in protein, it has been recommended as an emergency food for humans. Young buds - cooked as a green vegetable[272].

Medicinal Uses

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A decoction of the plant is taken in the treatment of aching joints[272].

Other Uses

Hedge;  Hedge;  Soil stabilization;  Wood.

Plants can be grown as a hedge, they are very spiny and provide an impenetrable barrier. The extensive root system of this plant makes it useful for planting to control soil erosion. Wood - hard, close grained[146]. An important fuel wood for people living at high elevations[272].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most well-drained soils, but prefers full sun and a light sandy dry or well-drained soil[1, 11, 200]. Does not require a rich soil[11], succeeding on marginal land[160]. Succeeds in acid or alkaline soils[160]. Established plants are drought resistant[160]. This species is hardy to at least -20°c[184], it prefers a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters so it does not grow so well in the milder western half of Britain[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. It usually germinates in 2 weeks[K]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water then sown in a cold frame[78, 113, 200]. If the seed has not swollen then scarify it and re-soak for another 12 hours before sowing[138]. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 3 weeks at 20°c[138]. Good percentage[11]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[113]. Layering in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Himalayas, India, Nepal, Pakistan,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Caragana arborescensSiberian Pea Tree, Siberian peashrub51
Caragana boisiiSiberian pea-tree40
Caragana decorticans 00
Caragana fruticosaSiberian Peashrub,30
Caragana gerardiana 00
Caragana jubataShag-Spine01
Caragana pygmaeaPygmy Peashrub10
Caragana sinicaChinese Pea Shrub12

 

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Expert comment

Author

Royle. ex Benth.

Botanical References

11200

Links / References

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Readers comment

susanne   Mon Sep 18 2006

A good start for my research about shrubs for erosion control! There must be another type called Caragana Korshinskii - my problem is that I do not want to buy large botanical books....

database on soil and water consevation; detailed maps

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Subject : Caragana brevispina  
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