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Aquilegia vulgaris - L.

Common Name Columbine, European columbine, Granny's Bonnet, European Crowfoot
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards The plant is poisonous though the toxins are destroyed by heat or by drying[7, 19]. Although this plant contains alkaloids, no cases of poisoning to humans or other mammals have been recorded[76].
Habitats Moist shady positions, especially on calcareous soils or fenland peat[7, 17, 31].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and Temperate China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Aquilegia vulgaris Columbine, European columbine, Granny


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aquilegia_vulgaris.jpg
Aquilegia vulgaris Columbine, European columbine, Granny
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future

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Summary

Bloom Color: Blue, Pink, Purple, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring.Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Aquilegia vulgaris is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Flowers - raw. Rich in nectar, they are sweet and delightful[172], they make a very attractive addition to mixed salads and can also be used as a thirst-quenching munch in the garden[K]. The flowers are also used as a tea substitute[177].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antianxiety;  Astringent;  Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Homeopathy;  Parasiticide;  Parasiticide.


Columbine was formerly employed in herbal medicine mainly for its antiscorbutic effect, but it has fallen out of favour and is little used nowadays[268]. The leaves root and seed are astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, parasiticide[4, 7, 9, 19, 21]. Because of its toxic properties, this plant should not be taken internally without expert advice, though the root is sometimes used externally in poultices to treat ulcers and the commoner skin diseases[7, 268]. The plant can be harvested at any time from June to October[7]. Columbine has produced very unsatisfactory results and is not normally used medicinally[4]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the plant[7]. It is used in the treatment of affections of the nervous system[7].

Other Uses

Parasiticide;  Parasiticide.

The seed is used as a parasiticide to rid the hair of lice[172]. The dried and crushed seed is used to kill external body parasites[53].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Rock garden, Woodland garden. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil, preferring a moist but not wet soil and a sunny position[1]. Thrives in partial shade[1, 111]. Intolerant of heavy clay[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -25°c[187]. Whilst the blue-flowered forms of this species have no scent, white flowered forms have a soft clove scent in order to attract pollinating insects[245]. Most species are short-lived, dying out after 2 - 3 years, though they usually produce seed prolifically[200]. This species usually self-sows freely in the garden, it is very apt to hybridize with other members of the genus and usually becomes the dominant partner in any hybridization[200]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54, 201]. It also attracts red spider mites to the garden, these can then move on to other crops such as apples, pears and strawberries[201]. It grows well with rhubarb[201]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Not North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. The seed can be slow to germinate[200]. Stored seed can be sown in late winter in a cold frame. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aquilegia brevistylaSmallflower columbine21
Aquilegia buergeriana 20
Aquilegia canadensisWild Columbine, Red columbine, Meeting Houses, Common Columbine22
Aquilegia coeruleaRocky Mountain Columbine, Colorado blue columbine, Dailey's columbine, White Colorado columbine21
Aquilegia flabellataFan Columbine, Dwarf Columbine20
Aquilegia flavescensColumbine, Yellow columbine21
Aquilegia formosaWestern Columbine22
Aquilegia formosa truncataColumbine22
Aquilegia jonesiiColumbine, Jones' columbine, Blue limestone columbine21
Aquilegia karelinii 20
Aquilegia pubescensColumbine, Sierra columbine21
Aquilegia shockleyi 21
Semiaquilegia adoxoidesTian Kui02

 

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Botanical References

17200

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