Zanthoxylum schinifolium - Siebold.&Zucc.
Common Name
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Low mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. Roadsides in Korea[151].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Zanthoxylum schinifolium
Zanthoxylum schinifolium
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Zanthoxylum schinifolium is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in November. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Fagara pteropoda. Zanthoxylum mantschuricum. Zanthoxylum pteropodum

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Seed - cooked. It is used as a condiment, a pepper substitute[151]. Young leaves[105]. No more details are given.
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anaesthetic;  Diuretic;  Parasiticide;  Stimulant;  Tonic;  Vasodilator.

The pericarp is anaesthetic, diuretic, parasiticide and vasodilator[176]. It is used in the treatment of gastralgia and dyspepsia due to cold with vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases[176]. It has a local anaesthetic action and is parasiticide against the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium)[176]. The pericarp contains geraniol. In small doses this has a mild diuretic action, though large doses will inhibit the excretion of urine[176]. There is a persistent increase in peristalsis at low concentration, but inhibition at high concentration[176]. The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is powerfully stimulant and tonic[82].


Other Uses

None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Self-sown seedlings have occasionally been observed growing in bare soil in the shade of the parent plant[K].
Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides 21
Zanthoxylum alatumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum 21
Zanthoxylum bungeanum 23
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum coreanum 11
Zanthoxylum nitidum 02
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper Tree32
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly Ash32


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Subject : Zanthoxylum schinifolium  

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