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Zanthoxylum bungeanum - Max.

Common Name
Family Rutaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The plant is toxic[147]. No more details.
Habitats Waysides and thickets to 2000 metres in W. China[109].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Zanthoxylum bungeanum


Zanthoxylum bungeanum

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Zanthoxylum bungeanum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in). The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Seed - used as a condiment, a pepper substitute[109]. Highly prized[109]. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[K]. Each fruit contains a single seed.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anaesthetic;  Anthelmintic;  Aromatic;  Astringent;  Carminative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  
Stimulant;  Vasodilator;  Vermifuge.

The fruit is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, sudorific, vasodilator and vermifuge[147, 218]. It is pulverised then mixed with water for internal application in the treatment of chills and pains in the abdomen, vomiting, cold-damp diarrhoea and dysentery, ascariasis-caused abdominal pain and moist sores on the skin[147]. The pericarp is anaesthetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial and antifungal[176]. It is effective against the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, and is also used in the treatment of gastralgia, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ascariasis and dermal diseases[176]. The pericarp contains geraniol. This lowers the blood pressure, is mildly diuretic in small doses but in large doses inhibits the excretion of urine, and also increases peristalsis of the abdomen at low doses though inhibits it at large doses[176].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors at least in the milder areas of the country. It is said to be often cultivated for its edible fruit, especially in hot dry river valleys in China[109]. There is some doubt over the correct name for this species, it might be no more than a synonym of Z. simulans. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[1, 11, 200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Flowers are formed on the old wood[206].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[113]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible. Germination should take place in late spring, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in early summer. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots in a greenhouse. Good percentage[78]. Suckers, removed in late winter and planted into their permanent positions[113].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides 21
Zanthoxylum alatumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum americanumPrickly Ash - Northern, Common pricklyash, Northern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum beecheyanum 21
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisHercules Club. Prickly Ash - Southern, Hercules' club, Southern Prickly Ash23
Zanthoxylum coreanum 11
Zanthoxylum nitidum 02
Zanthoxylum piperitumJapanese Pepper Tree32
Zanthoxylum planispinumWinged Prickly Ash32
Zanthoxylum schinifolium 22
Zanthoxylum simulansSzechuan Pepper, Chinese-pepper, Prickly Ash32

 

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Expert comment

Author

Max.

Botanical References

109

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Tue Dec 21 14:13:50 2004

Holy Cow! This is a powerful herb. Extremely aromatic and not unpleasant in floavr. HOWEVER! I crushed ONE piece between my front teeth and spat it out. Within seconds the numbing sensation began. It persists now for 15 minutes. The peak affect was within five minutes.

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