Help! Our income has dropped considerably for several months and unless it improves soon we will be in financial difficulty. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Valeriana sambucifolia - Mikan.f.

Common Name
Family Valerianaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards It is said that prolonged medicinal use of this plant can lead to addiction. A course of treatment should not exceed 3 months.
Habitats Damp shady places[50].
Range Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Valeriana sambucifolia


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Barend
Valeriana sambucifolia
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Valeriana_sambucifolia_Sturm51.jpg

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Valeriana sambucifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

V. officinalis sambucifolia. (Mikan.f.)Celak.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses: Condiment;  Tea.

Young leaves - cooked[105]. Seed[172]. No further details are given but the seeds of other members of this genus are parched and then eaten. An essential oil from the leaves and root is used as a flavouring in ice cream, baked goods, condiments etc[183]. The leaves can also be used as a condiment[61]. The plant is used in moderation as a herbal tea[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Hypnotic;  Nervine;  Sedative;  Stimulant.

Valerian is a well-known and frequently used medicinal herb that has a long and proven history of efficacy. It is noted especially for its effect as a tranquilliser and nervine, particularly for those people suffering from nervous overstrain[4, 222]. Valerian has been shown to encourage sleep, improve sleep quality and reduce blood pressure[254]. It is also used internally in the treatment of painful menstruation, cramps, hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome etc[238, 254]. It should not be prescribed for patients with liver problems[238]. Externally, it is used to treat eczema, ulcers and minor injuries[238]. The root is antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, hypnotic, powerfully nervine, sedative and stimulant[4, 7, 9, 14, 21, 46, 147, 165, 192, 218]. The active ingredients are called valepotriates, research has confirmed that these have a calming effect on agitated people, but are also a stimulant in cases of fatigue[222]. The roots of 2 year old plants are harvested in the autumn once the leaves have died down and are used fresh or dried[4, 9, 238]. The fresh root is about 3 times as effective as roots dried at 40° (the report does not specify if this is centigrade or fahrenheit), whilst temperatures above 82° destroy the active principle in the root[240]. Use with caution[21, 238], see the notes above on toxicity.

Other Uses

Compost;  Essential;  Liquid feed;  Repellent.

The plant yields about 1% of an essential oil from the roots[7, 238]. It is used in perfumery to provide a 'mossy' aroma[57, 61, 238], though the scent is considered to be disagreeable by many people[207]. The dried roots are also placed in linen cupboards and clothes drawers in order to scent the clothes[4]. The dried root attracts rats and cats, it can be used as a bait to lure them away from other areas[100]. An ingredient of 'QR' herbal compost activator[32]. This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost[K]. The plant can also be used to make a very good liquid plant feed[14, 18, 201]. It attracts earthworms[14, 18]. The leaves are very rich in phosphorus[201].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1], preferring a moist site[7, 17]. Succeeds in full sun or in partial shade[233]. This species is considered to be no more than a sub-species of V. officinalis by many botanists[200], it has the same uses as that species[4]. Often grown in the herb garden and also sometimes grown commercially as a medicinal herb[1, 200]. Cats are very fond of this plant, particularly the powdered root[1, 4, 20]. The root also attracts rats[14]. A good companion for most plants.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed because it requires light for germination[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant out into their permanent positions in the summer if sufficient growth has been made. If the plants are too small to plant out, grow them on in the greenhouse or frame for their first winter and plant them out early in the following summer. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Centranthus macrosiphon 20
Centranthus ruberRed Valerian, Fox's Brush, Jupiter's Beard21
Fedia cornucopiae 20
Nardostachys grandifloraSpikenard13
Patrinia scabiosifoliaEastern Valerian, Scabious Patrinia13
Patrinia triloba 10
Patrinia villosa 11
Valeriana amurensis 10
Valeriana capitataValerian, Captiate valerian11
Valeriana celtica 11
Valeriana ciliataTobacco Root10
Valeriana dioicaMarsh Valerian, Woods valerian11
Valeriana fauriei 01
Valeriana hardwickii 03
Valeriana jatamansiIndian Valerian03
Valeriana obovataTobacco Root21
Valeriana occidentaliswestern valerian11
Valeriana officinalisValerian, Garden valerian23
Valeriana phu 21
Valeriana sitchensisAmerican Valerian, Sitka valerian13
Valeriana toluccana 22
Valeriana uliginosaMountain Valerian02
Valerianella carinataKeeled-Fruited Cornsalad, European cornsalad20
Valerianella chenopodifolia 20
Valerianella eriocarpaItalian Corn Salad30
Valerianella locustaCorn Salad, Lewiston cornsalad40
Valerianella radiataBeaked Cornsalad20

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Mikan.f.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Valeriana sambucifolia  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.