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Valeriana occidentalis - Heller.

Common Name western valerian
Family Valerianaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Some caution is advised with the use of this plant. At least one member of the genus is considered to be poisonous raw[161] and V. officinalis is a powerful nervine and sedative that can become habit-forming.
Habitats Moist open or shaded places, from foothills to rather high elevations in the mountains[60].
Range Western N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Valeriana occidentalis western valerian


USDA Plant Database
Valeriana occidentalis western valerian
USDA Plant Database

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Valeriana occidentalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Root - cooked. A strong flavour, it needs to be steamed for 24 hours[172]. Seed - parched[172].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Hypnotic;  Nervine;  Sedative;  Stimulant.

The whole plant, but especially the root, is antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, hypnotic, nervine (powerful), sedative, stimulant[172]. Use with caution[21].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of the country. It is perhaps no more than a subspecies of V. dioica[60]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed because it requires light for germination[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant out into their permanent positions in the summer if sufficient growth has been made. If the plants are too small to plant out, grow them on in the greenhouse or frame for their first winter and plant them out early in the following summer. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Centranthus macrosiphon 20
Centranthus ruberRed Valerian, Fox's Brush, Jupiter's Beard21
Fedia cornucopiae 20
Nardostachys grandifloraSpikenard13
Patrinia scabiosifoliaEastern Valerian, Scabious Patrinia13
Patrinia triloba 10
Patrinia villosa 11
Valeriana amurensis 10
Valeriana capitataValerian, Captiate valerian11
Valeriana celtica 11
Valeriana ciliataTobacco Root10
Valeriana dioicaMarsh Valerian, Woods valerian11
Valeriana fauriei 01
Valeriana hardwickii 03
Valeriana jatamansiIndian Valerian03
Valeriana obovataTobacco Root21
Valeriana officinalisValerian, Garden valerian23
Valeriana phu 21
Valeriana sambucifolia 23
Valeriana sitchensisAmerican Valerian, Sitka valerian13
Valeriana toluccana 22
Valeriana uliginosaMountain Valerian02
Valerianella carinataKeeled-Fruited Cornsalad, European cornsalad20
Valerianella chenopodifolia 20
Valerianella eriocarpaItalian Corn Salad30
Valerianella locustaCorn Salad, Lewiston cornsalad40
Valerianella radiataBeaked Cornsalad20

 

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Expert comment

Author

Heller.

Botanical References

60

Links / References

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Subject : Valeriana occidentalis  
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