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Ulmus macrocarpa - Hance.

Common Name
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sunny dry rocky mountain slopes in W. China[109]. Mixed forests, slopes, valleys at elevations of 700 - 800 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ulmus macrocarpa


©Bruce Marlin
Ulmus macrocarpa

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ulmus macrocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked. The fruits are eaten in sauces. An emergency food, they are only used when all else fails[177].

Medicinal Uses



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Anthelmintic;  Antidote;  Astringent;  Digestive;  Parasiticide;  Parasiticide;  Skin.

The seed is anthelmintic, antidote, digestive, febrifuge, parasiticide, skin[178, 218]. The bark contains tannins. It is astringent and has antimicrobial activities[279]. It is used in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea and internal parasites]279].

Other Uses

Parasiticide;  Parasiticide;  Wood.

Used externally on body parasites[178]. No more details.

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile soil in full sun[188], but is easily grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[1]. This species is resistant to 'Dutch elm disease', a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. The disease is spread by means of beetles. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant (though not immune) to the disease so the potential exists to use these resistant species to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species[200]. The various species of this genus hybridize freely with each other and pollen is easily saved, so even those species with different flowering times can be hybridized[200].

Propagation

Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[200]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[200]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ulmus alataWinged Elm20
Ulmus americanaAmerican Elm, Gray Elm, Water Elm22
Ulmus davidianaJapanese Elm20
Ulmus glabraWych Elm, Table-top Scotch Elm, Scotch Elm32
Ulmus japonicaJapanese Elm21
Ulmus laciniata 20
Ulmus parvifoliaChinese Elm, Lacebark Elm21
Ulmus proceraEnglish Elm32
Ulmus pumilaSiberian Elm, Hybrid elm22
Ulmus rubraSlippery Elm25
Ulmus thomasiiRock Elm10
Ulmus villosaCherry Bark Elm10
Ulmus wallichiana 11

 

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Botanical References

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Subject : Ulmus macrocarpa  
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