Trilisa odoratissima - (Walter. ex J.F.Gmel.)Cass.
Common Name Vanilla Plant, Vanillaleaf
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The plant contains coumarins[222], this is what gives it the scent of newly mown hay. When used internally, especially from dried plants, it can act to prevent the blood from co-aggulating[13]. Coumarins are implicated in liver disease and haemorrhage[222].
Habitats Low pinelands[72]. Pine barrens[235].
Range South-eastern N. America - North Carolina to Florida, west to Missouri.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Trilisa odoratissima Vanilla Plant, Vanillaleaf

Trilisa odoratissima Vanilla Plant, Vanillaleaf
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Trilisa odoratissima is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower in September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Carphephorus odoratissimus

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The leaves are used as a flavouring[72], they have the scent of vanilla[1, 2]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

The leaves are demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic[222]. They are a folk remedy for coughs, malaria and neuroses[222]. The leaves are high in coumarins and have been experimentally effective in the treatment of high-protein oedema[222]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity.


Other Uses

The dried leaves contain coumarin and have a scent like newly mown hay. They can be used as a condiment[169].
Cultivation details
Grows well in any moderately good light soil[1]. Plants grow in very acid soils in the wild[235].
Seed - sow in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[1]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring[1].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants


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(Walter. ex J.F.Gmel.)Cass.
Botanical References
Links / References
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Subject : Trilisa odoratissima  

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