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Trifolium fimbriatum - Lindl.

Common Name Springbank Clover, Cows clover
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Meadows, stream banks and the edges of coastal sand dunes[204].
Range Western N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Trifolium fimbriatum Springbank Clover, Cows clover


William & Wilma Follette @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. West Region, Sacramento.
Trifolium fimbriatum Springbank Clover, Cows clover
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Trifolium fimbriatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

T. involucratum. Ortega. T. wormskioldii. Lehm.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked[61, 105, 118, 257]. The root was a very important food crop for several native North American Indian tribes, who semi-cultivated the plant to ensure good yields every year[256]. The roots can be harvested at any time of the year and were normally dried before being cooked, though they were also occasionally eaten raw[256]. The dried root will store for a considerable period of time if it is kept in a cool place[256]. The Indians considered the long horizontal rhizomes to be superior to the shorter taproots, and also considered that the best roots grew in soft sandy soils[256]. An important vegetable[177]. This report refers to T. wormskioldiana and gives no more details. It probably means the root. Leaves and flowers - raw[257]. Usually eaten raw with salt[257]. The wilted dry leaves have been soaked and stirred in cold water to make a sour drink[257].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of the country. It is likely to be resistant to maritime exposure. There is some uncertainty over the correct name for this species. T. wormskioldii, which is listed above as a synonym for this species might actually be the correct name for the species or it might be a separate closely related species[204]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in a moist, well-drained circum-neutral soil in full sun[200]. Succeeds in poor soils. It grows well in an apple orchard, the trees will produce tastier fruit that stores better[201]. It should not be grown with camellias or gooseberries because it harbours a mite that can cause fruit drop in the gooseberries and premature budding in the camellias[201]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Buttercups growing nearby depress the growth of the nitrogen bacteria by means of a root exudate[201].

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ. If the seed is in short supply it might be better to sow it in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Trifolium bifidumPiñole Clover, Notchleaf clover20
Trifolium ciliatumFoothill Clover20
Trifolium cyathiferumCup Clover10
Trifolium dichotomumBranched Indian Clover20
Trifolium dubiumSuckling Clover01
Trifolium fucatumSour Clover, Bull clover20
Trifolium fucatum virescens 20
Trifolium gracilentumPin-Point Clover, Palmer's clover20
Trifolium hybridumAlsike Clover21
Trifolium incarnatumCrimson Clover20
Trifolium lupinasterLupine clover10
Trifolium macrocephalumBighead Clover, Largehead clover10
Trifolium microcephalumSmallhead Clover10
Trifolium obtusiflorumClammy Clover20
Trifolium ornithopodioidesBirdsfoot Fenugreek, Bird clover10
Trifolium pratenseRed Clover33
Trifolium repensWhite Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White Clover32
Trifolium subterraneumSubterranean Clover10
Trifolium tridentatumTomcat Clover20
Trifolium variegatumWhitetip Clover10

 

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Expert comment

Author

Lindl.

Botanical References

204

Links / References

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Subject : Trifolium fimbriatum  
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