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Tilia heterophylla - Vent.

Common Name White Basswood, American basswood
Family Tiliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Buffs and slopes of ravines and by streams[159]. Found in rich woods in the Appalachians[43].
Range Eastern N. America - New York to Florida.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Tilia heterophylla White Basswood, American basswood


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jean-Pol_GRANDMONT
Tilia heterophylla White Basswood, American basswood
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jean-Pol_GRANDMONT

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Tilia heterophylla is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

T. americana heterophylla. (Vent.)Loud.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Young leaves - raw. A nice mild flavour with a slightly mucilaginous texture[K]. They go well in a mixed salad, though I have found that on their own they tend to leave a slightly rough feeling in the throat[K]. The dried flowers make a refreshing tea substitute[159]. A very good chocolate substitute is made from a paste of the ground fruits and flowers[2]. Trials on marketing the product failed because the paste decomposes readily[2].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Diaphoretic;  Poultice;  Sedative.

A tea made from the flowers is antispasmodic, diaphoretic and sedative[226]. A decoction of the inner bark has been used in the treatment of dysentery[257]. A decoction of the bark, mixed with cornmeal, has been used as a poultice in the treatment of boils[257]. A decoction of the inner bark and twigs has been used during pregnancy to treat heartburn, weak stomach and weak bowels[257].

Other Uses

Fibre;  Wood.

A fibre is obtained from the tough inner bark It can be made into diverse items such as rope, mats, shoes and coarse cloth[229, 257]. Wood - soft, light, weak, straight grained[229, 235]. It weighs 26lb per cubic foot[235]. Widely used in interior finishing, cabinet making, woodenware, paper making and for piano keyboards[229].

Cultivation details

Prefers a good moist loamy alkaline to neutral soil but succeeds on slightly acid soils[11, 200]. Grows poorly on any very dry or very wet soil[200]. Dislikes exposed positions[200]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[188]. A moderately fast growing and long-lived species in the wild[229]. It prefers a continental climate, growing more slowly and not producing fertile seed in areas with cool summers[200]. It is fairly susceptible to forest fires because it has a thin bark[229]. Lime trees tend to hybridise freely if other members of the genus are growing nearby[238]. If growing plants from seed it is important to ensure the seed came from a wild source or from an isolated clump of the single species[K]. Grows best in a woodland situation, young plants tolerate a reasonable level of side shade[200]. Trees are usually attacked by aphids which cover the ground and the leaves with a sticky honeydew[188]. Closely related to T. americana[11]. Quite tolerant of root disturbance, semi-mature trees up to 5 metres tall have been transplanted successfully. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Seed - much of the seed produced in Britain is not viable, cut a few seedcases open to see if there is a seed inside[80]. If possible, obtain fresh seed that is ripe but has not as yet developed a hard seed coat and sow it immediately in a cold frame. It may germinate in the following spring though it could take 18 months[80]. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. It has a hard seed coat, embryo dormancy and a hard coat on the pericarp. All these factors mean that the seed may take up to 8 years to germinate[80]. One way of shortening this time is to stratify the seed for 5 months at high temperatures (10°c at night, up to 30°c by day) and then 5 months cold stratification[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Layering in spring just before the leaves unfurl. Takes 1 - 3 years[78]. Suckers, when formed, can be removed with as much root as possible during the dormant season and replanted immediately[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Corchorus capsularisJute32
Corchorus olitoriusJew's Mallow, Nalta jute42
Entelea arborescensCorkwood Tree00
Grewia biloba parviflora 10
Grewia oppositifolia 20
Talipariti tiliaceumBeach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus, Cottontree, Mahoe32
Tilia americanaAmerican Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden33
Tilia amurensis 31
Tilia carolinianaCarolina Basswood31
Tilia chinensis 31
Tilia cordataSmall Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden53
Tilia japonicaJapanese Lime31
Tilia mongolicaMongolian Lime31
Tilia oliveri 31
Tilia platyphyllosLarge Leaved Lime, Largeleaf linden, Bigleaf Linden53
Tilia tomentosaSilver Lime31
Tilia tuan 31
Tilia x europaeaCommon Lime53

 

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Vent.

Botanical References

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Subject : Tilia heterophylla  
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