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Thymus praecox - Opitz.

Common Name Mother of thyme, Creeping thyme, Woolly Thyme
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 5-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Stony and rocky mountain slopes, 1000 - 3600 metres in Turkey[93].
Range S. W. and C. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Thymus praecox Mother of thyme, Creeping thyme, Woolly Thyme


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Thymus praecox Mother of thyme, Creeping thyme, Woolly Thyme
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pichard

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Thymus praecox is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Ground Cover; Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The leaves are used as a food flavouring[177, 238]. If the leaves are to be dried, the plants should be harvested in early and late summer just before the flowers open and the leaves should be dried quickly[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiseptic;  Deodorant;  Disinfectant.

The leaves, and especially the essential oil contained in them, are strongly antiseptic, deodorant and disinfectant[200, 238]. The plant can be used fresh at any time of the year, or it can be harvested as it comes into flower and either be distilled for the oil or dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

Deodorant;  Disinfectant;  Essential.

Can be used as a ground cover plant in a sunny position[188]. The essential oil obtained from the leaves is used in perfumery, as a mouth wash, medicinally etc[200].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Ground cover, Rock garden. Requires a light well-drained preferably calcareous soil in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds in dry soils. Grows well between stepping stones on paths, tolerating light treading[183, 200]. Succeeds on walls. Thymes dislike wet conditions, especially in the winter. A layer of gravel on the soil around them will help protect the foliage from wet soils[238]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[238]. The flowers are rich in nectar and are very attractive to honey bees[200]. This is a very difficult genus taxonomically, the species hybridize freely with each other and often intergrade into each other[1]. There are some named varieties selected for culinary and ornamental purposes[183, 200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Edible, Fragrant foliage.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Seed can also be sown in autumn in a greenhouse. Surface sow or barely cover the seed. Germination can be erratic. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring or autumn[200]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring. Cuttings of young shoots, 5 - 8cm with a heel, May/June in a frame[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[200]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Thymus caespititiusCretan Thyme22
Thymus camphoratusCamphor Thyme02
Thymus capitatusHeaded Savory, Thymus22
Thymus cilicicusCilician Thyme12
Thymus herba-baronaCaraway Thyme32
Thymus hirtus 22
Thymus mastichinaMastic Thyme22
Thymus pannonicusEurasian thyme22
Thymus praecox arcticusWild Thyme32
Thymus pseudolanuginosusWoolly Thyme22
Thymus pulegioidesBroad-Leaved Thyme, lemon thyme22
Thymus quinquecostatus 22
Thymus serpyllumWild Thyme43
Thymus vulgarisCommon Thyme, Garden thyme, Wild Thyme43
Thymus x citriodorusLemon Thyme, Creeping Lemon Thyme, Lemon-Scented Thyme42
Thymus zygis 22

 

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Opitz.

Botanical References

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Subject : Thymus praecox  
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