Tanacetum cinerariifolium - (Trevir.)Sch.Bip.
Common Name Dalmation Pellitory, Pyrethrum
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Some people are highly allergic to this plant[160]. Prolonged contact with the dried flowers can lead to allergic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and asthma in humans[268].
Habitats Rocky ground[50], usually by the seashore[4].
Range Europe - Dalmatia, Yugoslavia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

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Tanacetum cinerariifolium Dalmation Pellitory, Pyrethrum

Tanacetum cinerariifolium Dalmation Pellitory, Pyrethrum
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Tanacetum cinerariifolium is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium. Pyrethrum cinerariifolium.

 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Dalmatian pellitory is not used medicinally, though research has shown that the flowers possess weak antibiotic activity[268]. The flowers are the main source of the insecticide pyrethrum, which is toxic to insects but not to mammals. It has sometimes been used as a vermifuge in China[147].


Other Uses
Insecticide;  Repellent.

The dried flower buds are the source of the insecticide 'Pyrethrum'[1, 4, 14, 18, 46, 57, 61]. The pyrethrins are produced in the yellow disc florets[169]. The highest pyrethrin content is from the flowers when they are in full bloom (1.22%) and lowest in the preceding period (0.71%)[240]. This insecticide also kills many beneficial insects, though it is relatively harmless to mammals[4]. Another report says that it is non-toxic to mammals[238]. It is best used in the evening so that it will have lost much of its virulence by the morning[201]. Steep two handfuls of the dried powdered flowers in one litre of hot water for an hour. This mixture can be either pureed or strained and then used as a spray[201]. Once dried, the flowers or the powder retain their insecticidal properties almost indefinitely[238]. The growing plant can be used as an insect repellent in the garden[14, 18, 20]. Effective against mosquitoes and ants[201].
Cultivation details
Industrial Crop: Pesticide;  Management: Hay;  Minor Global Crop.

Succeeds in an ordinary garden soil[1]. Prefers a rich soil with plenty of humus[147]. Prefers a pebbly, calcareous dry soil in a sunny position[4]. When grown in moist climates the plants often die after flowering[4].Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7.5. Pyrethrum is widely cultivated as a source of an insecticide[57, 61], the growing plant is also said to repel insects from plants growing nearby[14, 18, 20].
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and do not allow the pot to dry out. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Tanacetum balsamitaAlecost, Costmary32
Tanacetum coccineumPyrethrum, Pyrethum daisy, Persian Insect Flower, Painted Daisy00
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfew, Matricaria25
Tanacetum vulgareTansy, Common tansy, Golden Buttons, Curly Leaf Tansy22


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Botanical References
Links / References
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Readers comment
Hermann Schultka   Fri Sep 21 2007
Die Ausführungen zur Pyrethrumpflanze sind sehr gut. Meine Frage,wo kann ich einige Jungpflanzen für Lehrzwecke beziehen? Hermann Schultka Gartenbaulehrer


ray congdon   Sun Jan 17 2010
dear sir my daughter is wondering if these plants would be harmfull to her chooks in any form (living plant or dried flowers )
david   Sun Jan 17 2010
I don't know anything about this but a quick search found the following website from the University of British Columia: www.ableweb.org/volumes/vol-10/9-taylor.pdf which says they are harmless to man & animals.The site does mention other plants toxic to poultry. But see note on allergies in humans above.
   May 17 2013 12:00AM
range needs to be corrected-there is no such thing as Yugoslavia, and Dalmatia is actually part of Croatia
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Subject : Tanacetum cinerariifolium  

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