Solidago virgaurea - L.
Common Name Goldenrod
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Mild allergic reactions. Avoid during pregnancy and breast feeding. Care if chronic kidney disease. Irrigation therapy is contraindicated in oedema cases [301].
Habitats Dry woods, grassland, rocks, cliffs, hedgebanks, dunes etc on acid or calcareous soils[17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, temperate Asia and N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

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Solidago virgaurea Goldenrod
Solidago virgaurea Goldenrod
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Solidago virgaurea is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, self.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Aster virgaurea. Dectis decurrens. Doria virgaurea. Solidago vulgaris

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Meadow; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

A tea is obtained from the leaves[46, 61, 183].
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Anticoagulant;  Antifungal;  Antiinflammatory;  Antirheumatic;  Antiseptic;  Aromatic;  Astringent;  
Carminative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Hypoglycaemic;  Stimulant;  TB.

Goldenrod is a safe and gentle remedy for a number of disorders. In particular, it is a valuable astringent remedy treating wounds and bleeding, whilst it is particularly useful in the treatment of urinary tract disorders, being used both for serious ailments such as nephritis and for more common problems such as cystitis[254]. The plant contains saponins that are antifungal and act specifically against the Candida fungus which is the cause of vaginal and oral thrush[238, 254]. It also contains rutin which is used to treat capillary fragility, and phenolic glycosides which are anti-inflammatory[238]. The leaves and flowering tops are anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, mildly diuretic, febrifuge and stimulant[4, 7, 9, 21, 147, 165]. A good vulnerary herb, it has also proved of value when used internally in the treatment of urinary infections, chronic catarrh, skin diseases, influenza, whooping cough, bladder and kidney stones etc[4, 238]. Due to its mild action, goldenrod is used to treat gastro-enteritis in children[254]. It makes an excellent mouthwash in the treatment of thrush[7]. The plant is gathered in the summer and dried for later use[7]. The seed is anticoagulant, astringent and carminative[218]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the plant[9]. It is used in the treatment of kidney and bladder disorders, rheumatism and arthritis[9]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Solidago virgaurea for infection of the urinary tract, kidney & bladder stones (see [302] for critics of commission E).


Other Uses

Mustard, orange and brown dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[168]. A yellow dye is obtained from the leaves and flowers[4, 100].
Cultivation details
An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any moderately fertile moisture retentive soil in sun or semi-shade[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. A rather greedy plant, it is apt to impoverish the soil[1]. The bruised plant smells like wild carrots[4]. The sub-species S. virgaurea minuta is only 10cm tall and wide[188]. The plant attracts various beneficial insects such as ladybirds, lacewings and hoverflies to the garden, these insects will help to control insect pests in the garden[201, 238].
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Only just cover the seed and do not allow the compost to become dry. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on for their first winter in pots. Plant them out into their permanent positions in spring or early summer. Division in spring or autumn. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Solidago canadensisCanadian Goldenrod, Shorthair goldenrod, Harger's goldenrod, Rough Canada goldenrod, Common Goldenro22
Solidago canadensis scabraCanadian Goldenrod22
Solidago fistulosaPine barren goldenrod01
Solidago giganteaGiant Goldenrod02
Solidago graminifoliaFlat-Topped Goldenrod11
Solidago japonica 11
Solidago leavenworthiiLeavenworth's goldenrod01
Solidago missouriensisPrairie Goldenrod, Missouri goldenrod, Tolmie's goldenrod21
Solidago nemoralisOld-Field Goldenrod, Gray goldenrod11
Solidago odoraSweet Goldenrod, Anisescented goldenrod, Chapman's goldenrod22
Solidago radiata 11
Solidago rigidaStiff Goldenrod, Flat Topped Goldenrod, Stiff Goldenrod02
Solidago spathulataCoast Goldenrod, Creeping Goldenrod11
Solidago spectabilisNevada Goldenrod11
Solidago suaveolensanisescented goldenrod11


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Readers comment
einar kr. holtet   Tue May 19 2009
Everywhere you get to know that Solidago virgaurea is in full flower only from July. However, this is NOT what I see. Yearly, this plant is one of the earliest to flower, from April-May in Oslo, for example. How come this discrepancy? What is right?
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Subject : Solidago virgaurea  

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