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Smyrnium perfoliatum - L.

Common Name
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Mixed oak woods[17].
Range S. Europe to Asia. Occasionally naturalized in Britain.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Smyrnium perfoliatum


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Meneerke_bloem
Smyrnium perfoliatum
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Meneerke_bloem

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Smyrnium perfoliatum is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Stem.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves and young shoots - raw in salads or cooked in soups, stews etc[2, 5, 8, 12, 27, 37, 115, 183]. The plant commences growth in the autumn and the leaves are often available throughout the winter[5, 52]. They have a rather strong celery-like flavour and are often blanched (by excluding light from the growing plant) before use[183]. Leafy seedlings can be used as a parsley substitute[183]. Stem - raw or cooked[2, 5, 8, 12, 27, 37, 53, 115]. Tasting somewhat like celery[17], it is often blanched (by excluding light) before use[183]. This species is considered to be superior to the related S. olusatrum because it not only blanches better but is also more crisp and tender and not so harsh flavoured[183]. Flower buds - raw[12, 52]. A celery-like flavour, they can be added to salads. The spicy seeds are used as a pepper substitute[52, 183]. Root - cooked. Boiled and used in soups. the root is said to be more tender if it has been kept in a cool place all winter[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils but prefers an open sunny position in a well-drained moisture retentive soil[1, 200]. Self-sows freely with us in our Cornwall garden, in a suuny, sheltered position[K].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in an outdoor seedbed in autumn and planted into its permanent position in late spring[1, 200]. Germination can be slow[200]. Can also be sown in situ in spring[188].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17

Links / References

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Subject : Smyrnium perfoliatum  
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