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Scirpus fluviatilis - (Torr.)A.Gray.

Common Name River Bulrush
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Fresh or brackish marshes and quiet water along streams and lakes, sometimes in water up to 1 metre deep, in western and eastern N. America[60, 235].
Range E. Asia to N. America and Australia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Semi-shade Full sun
Scirpus fluviatilis River Bulrush


Elaine Haug @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Scirpus fluviatilis River Bulrush
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Scirpus fluviatilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Pond; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root;  Stem.
Edible Uses:

The stems are peeled and eaten[177]. Root - raw or cooked. The roots form tubers at intervals along their length and new plants are formed from these tubers. When first formed, the tubers are white and starchy with a sweet coconut-milk flavour, they become black and woody with age[193]. Tubers can be up to 3cm in diameter[193].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Contraceptive.

This plant was ranked 11th in a survey of 250 potential antifertility plants in China[218].

Other Uses

Basketry.

The roots have been used to form the black part of the basket design[257]. The roots were stained by burying them in the mud with ashes until a black colour was obtained[257].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in any wet to moisture retentive ground, pond margins and shallow water in full sun or shade[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in a pot standing in 3cm of water. Only just cover the seed with soil[200]. The seed usually germinates fairly quickly. Prick out the plants when large enough to handle and plant out in their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Scirpus acutusHard Stem Bulrush31
Scirpus affinis 20
Scirpus americanusAmerican Bulrush20
Scirpus caldwellii 00
Scirpus cyperinusWoolly Grass Bulrush, Woolgrass10
Scirpus lacustrisBulrush31
Scirpus litoralisBulrush00
Scirpus maritimusSeaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan Bulrush31
Scirpus medianus 00
Scirpus microcarpusPanicled Bulrush31
Scirpus nevadensisNevada Bulrush20
Scirpus paludosusBayonet Grass20
Scirpus subterminalisWater Bulrush20
Scirpus ternatus 10
Scirpus validusRiver Club-Rush21
Scirpus validus creberSoft-Stem Bulrush21

 

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Author

(Torr.)A.Gray.

Botanical References

60235

Links / References

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Subject : Scirpus fluviatilis  
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