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Salix babylonica - L.

Common Name Weeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation.
Range The origin of this species is obscure.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Salix babylonica Weeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow


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Salix babylonica Weeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow
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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Weeping.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Salix babylonica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in May. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

S. pendula.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark;  Leaves;  Manna.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Inner bark - raw or cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and then added to cereal flour for use in making bread etc. A very bitter flavour, it is a famine food that is only used when all else fails[172]. Young shoots and flower buds - cooked[105, 177, 183]. Not very palatable[172]. Older leaves are used to adulterate tea[183]. A source of a manna-like substance[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antirheumatic;  Astringent;  Febrifuge;  Poultice;  Skin.

The leaves and bark are antirheumatic, astringent and tonic[178, 240]. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of abscesses, carbuncle, fever, rheumatism, skin diseases, ulcers etc[218]. An infusion of the bark has been used to treat diarrhoea and fevers[257]. The bark can be used as a poultice[257]. The stem bark is used in the treatment of skin eruptions due to parasites[218]. The root bark is used in a bath for the treatment of parasitic skin diseases[218]. A gum from the stems is used in the treatment of foul sores[218]. The down of the seeds is used in the treatment of fevers, haemorrhages, jaundice, rheumatism etc[218]. The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[226], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[213]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[226].

Other Uses

Basketry;  Hair;  Soil stabilization.

The stems are very flexible and are used in basket making[146, 272]. The plant is usually coppiced annually when grown for basket making, though it is possible to coppice it every two years if thick poles are required as uprights. The extensive root system makes this species useful for binding soils[146, 272]. A decoction or infusion of the bark has been used as a wash to make the hair grow[257].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Aggressive surface roots possible, Pollard, Specimen. Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[1, 11], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[200]. Rarely thrives on chalk[200]. This species rarely thrives in Britain[11], it is very subject to canker and has been largely replaced in cultivation by S. 'Chrysocoma'[188]. The root system is rather aggressive and can cause problems with drains[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[11]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features: Not North American native, Wetlands plant, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Salix acutifoliaSharp-Leaf Willow12
Salix aegyptiaca 12
Salix alaxensisFeltleaf Wiillow12
Salix albaWhite Willow13
Salix alba caeruleaCricket Bat Willow13
Salix alba vitellinaGolden Willow13
Salix 'Americana' 02
Salix amygdaloidesPeach Leaved Willow02
Salix appendiculata 12
Salix arenaria 12
Salix atrocinereaRusty Sallow, large gray willow03
Salix auritaEared Sallow02
Salix bakko 12
Salix bebbianaBeak Willow, Bebb Willow02
Salix 'Bowles hybrid' 12
Salix brachycarpashortfruit willow12
Salix capreaGoat Willow, Kilmarnock Willow, Pink Pussy Willow, Pussy Willow12
Salix chaenomeloidesJapanese Pussy Willow12
Salix cinereaGrey Willow, Large gray willow03
Salix commutataundergreen willow12
Salix daphnoidesViolet Willow, Daphne willow12
Salix decipiens 12
Salix eriocephalaMissouri Willow, Missouri River willow02
Salix exiguaCoyote Willow, Narrowleaf willow12
Salix fluviatilisRiver Willow02
Salix 'Forbiana' 12
Salix fragilisCrack Willow13
Salix gilgianaWillow12
Salix gooddingiiGoodding's Willow12
123

 

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Botanical References

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Readers comment

Samantha   Tue Mar 21 2006

Not detailed enough!

Jumpinjivinjoe   Thu Aug 7 2008

All willows can be used as a rooting hormone. Take the leaf buds and soak them in water for a day or two and the tea is used as a rooting hormone.

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Subject : Salix babylonica  
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