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Salix alaxensis - (Andersson.)Coville.

Common Name Feltleaf Wiillow
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist tundra and gravels[172, 204]. Prefers rocky soils along the sides of rivers and lakes[226]. Grows up to and beyond the tree-line, when it becomes a small recumbent low-spreading shrub[226].
Range North-western N. America - Alaska to British Columbia, east to Hudson Bay.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Salix alaxensis Feltleaf Wiillow


Salix alaxensis Feltleaf Wiillow

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Salix alaxensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in June. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark;  Leaves;  Nectar.
Edible Uses:

Inner bark - raw or cooked. A sweet flavour[172], it has been eaten as a winter titbit[257]. The taste is somewhat like watermelon or cucumber[257]. The bark has been used as a survival food[229]. It can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in soups or can be added to cereal flour for use in making bread etc. Young tender leaves and shoots - raw or cooked[257]. The shoots are peeled and eaten in spring[172]. A source of vitamin C[257]. The flowers have been sucked by children for the sweet nectar[257].

Medicinal Uses



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Anodyne;  Febrifuge.

The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[226], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[213]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[226].

Other Uses

In northern parts of this plant's range, its wood is often the sole source of firewood[229].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. It is an aggregate species[172] and ranges in habit from a small tree right down to a dwarf shrub growing along the ground in exposed sites[229]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[1, 11], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[200]. Rarely thrives on chalk[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[11]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Salix acutifoliaSharp-Leaf Willow12
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Salix albaWhite Willow13
Salix alba caeruleaCricket Bat Willow13
Salix alba vitellinaGolden Willow13
Salix 'Americana' 02
Salix amygdaloidesPeach Leaved Willow02
Salix appendiculata 12
Salix arenaria 12
Salix atrocinereaRusty Sallow, large gray willow03
Salix auritaEared Sallow02
Salix babylonicaWeeping Willow, Babylon Weeping Willow13
Salix bakko 12
Salix bebbianaBeak Willow, Bebb Willow02
Salix 'Bowles hybrid' 12
Salix brachycarpashortfruit willow12
Salix capreaGoat Willow, Kilmarnock Willow, Pink Pussy Willow, Pussy Willow12
Salix chaenomeloidesJapanese Pussy Willow12
Salix cinereaGrey Willow, Large gray willow03
Salix commutataundergreen willow12
Salix daphnoidesViolet Willow, Daphne willow12
Salix decipiens 12
Salix eriocephalaMissouri Willow, Missouri River willow02
Salix exiguaCoyote Willow, Narrowleaf willow12
Salix fluviatilisRiver Willow02
Salix 'Forbiana' 12
Salix fragilisCrack Willow13
Salix gilgianaWillow12
Salix gooddingiiGoodding's Willow12
123

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Andersson.)Coville.

Botanical References

204

Links / References

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Subject : Salix alaxensis  
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