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Rubus arcticus - L.

Common Name Arctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 2-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Damp peats or gravels, especially on calcareous soils[43].
Range Northern N. America, N. Europe and N. Asia. Formerly native to Britain in the Scottish highlands[17]
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Rubus arcticus Arctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:310_Rubus_arcticus.jpg
Rubus arcticus Arctic Bramble, Arctic raspberry, Dwarf raspberry
http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A4ytt%C3%A4j%C3%A4:Kompak

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Summary

Also known as Nagoonberry in British Columbia. Fruit: Brownish purplish red, aromatic, sweet aggregate of drupes.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Rubus arcticus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 1. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Rubus arcticus ssp. acaulis - (Michx.)

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 61, 105, 257]. Very sweet, juicy and palatable with a pineapple-like aroma[1, 101, 172, 183]. Delicious when eaten out of hand, they are also used in making cakes, jams etc[183]. Unfortunately, they are often not produced very prolifically in a garden situation in Britain, probably because they prefer colder winters. Flowers - raw. Sweet and delicious[172]. The fresh or dried leaves are used as a tea substitute[61, 105, 183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Dye.

A purple to dull blue dye is obtained from the fruit[168].

Cultivation details

Easily grown in a good well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 11]. A very variable species, it is sometimes divided into three species, viz.:- R. arcticus, R. acaulis and R. stellatus[101]. Suitable for growing in containers. Most often in acidic soils rich in organic matter.

Propagation

Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in early autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed requires one month stratification at about 3°c and is best sown as early as possible in the year. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a cold frame. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring of the following year. Division in early spring or just before leaf-fall in the autumn[200]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Least Concern

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Actinidia rubus 30
Rubus abbreviansVermont blackberry30
Rubus acaulisDwarf Raspberry31
Rubus acer 10
Rubus adenophorus 20
Rubus adenotrichusMora Comun20
Rubus affinis 20
Rubus alexeterius 20
Rubus allegheniensisAlleghany Blackberry, Graves' blackberry32
Rubus almusMayes Dewberry, Garden dewberry30
Rubus amabilis 30
Rubus ampelinus 20
Rubus argutusHighbush Blackberry, Sawtooth blackberry21
Rubus arizonicusArizona Dewberry20
Rubus australis 20
Rubus avipes 20
Rubus baileyanusBailey's dewberry20
Rubus barbatus 20
Rubus bellobatusKittatinny Blackberry20
Rubus biflorus 30
Rubus bifronsHimalayan berry, Hybrid European blackberry, Hybrid blackberry10
Rubus bloxamii 20
Rubus buergeri 20
Rubus caesiusDewberry, European dewberry20
Rubus calycinusWild Raspberry10
Rubus canadensisAmerican Dewberry, Smooth blackberry41
Rubus candicans 20
Rubus caucasicus 20
Rubus caudatus 20
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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

43200235

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Graham Cullen   Mon Jan 7 2008

Where can I get some seeds of rubus arcticus? I would like to start growing them at home but cannot find a place to buy them.

Ken Fern Plants for a Future   Tue Jan 8 2008

I'm afraid that I do not currently know of a seed source for Rubus arcticus, though there are quite a few nurseries that sell the plant. If you live in Britain or mainland Europe you could try visiting the Plantfinder site at http://www.rhs.org.uk/RHSPlantFinder/plantfinder.asp If you live elsewhere in the world then there are probably other websites that detail nurseries that sell the plant. In America, for example, you could visit http://plants.usda.gov/.

R. M. Harley   Fri Aug 14 2009

No mention of the paper: Rubus arcticus in Britain, R.M. Harley, Watsonia 3 (4): 237-238 (1956), with b/w drawing of plant from Scotland. (Cosmo Melvill Herbarium, Harrow School).

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Subject : Rubus arcticus  
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