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Rhamnus croceus - Nutt.

Common Name Red Berry
Family Rhamnaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards Although no specific mention of toxicity has been found for this species, there is the suggestion that some members of this genus could be mildly poisonous[65].
Habitats Scrub and open forests below 1500 metres[184]. Dry washes and canyons[71].
Range South-western N. America - California to Arizona, south to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Rhamnus croceus Red Berry


Rhamnus croceus Red Berry

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Rhamnus croceus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[46, 61, 105, 257]. If eaten in large quantities they can temporarily tinge the skin red[2, 183]. The fruit is about 5 - 6mm in diameter[200] and has a thin dry flesh[82]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any reasonably good soil[11]. Requires a well-drained sunny site[200]. Plants are possibly hardy to -15°c according to one report[184], whilst another says that this species is rather tender in Britain[1]. The sub-species R. croceus ilicifolia. Greene. often forms a tree up to 7 metres tall[82]. The species in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. The flowers are produced in small clusters in the leaf axils or from small persistent bracts on shoots of the year[82]. Plants of this species can be hermaphrodite or dioecious[82]. If fruit and seed is required it is necessary to grow a hermaphrodite form, or male and female forms.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Stored seed will require 1 - 2 months cold stratification at about 5° and should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame or outdoor seedbed[200]. Germination is usually good, at least 80% by late spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, autumn in a frame. Layering in early spring[4].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Rhamnus alaternusItalian Buckthorn00
Rhamnus carolinianusIndian Cherry, Oak, Carolina Buckthorn21
Rhamnus catharticaCommon Buckthorn03
Rhamnus dahuricaDahurian Buckthorn11
Rhamnus frangulaAlder Buckthorn03
Rhamnus globosalokao00
Rhamnus grandiflora 20
Rhamnus japonicaJapanese buckthorn11
Rhamnus leptophyllus 10
Rhamnus lycioides 00
Rhamnus nepalensis 11
Rhamnus persicus 20
Rhamnus purpureus 01
Rhamnus purshianaCascara Sagrada23
Rhamnus saxatilisAvignon Berry, Rock buckthorn00
Rhamnus saxatilis tinctoriusDyer's Buckthorn00
Rhamnus triquetra 01
Rhamnus utilisChinese Buckthorn00
Rhamnus virgatus 11

 

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Author

Nutt.

Botanical References

71200

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Subject : Rhamnus croceus  
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