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Pseudocydonia sinensis - (Dum.Cours.)C.K.Schneid.

Common Name Chinese Quince, Quince
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found at elevations around 1000 metres in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong and Zhejiang Provinces[266].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Pseudocydonia sinensis Chinese Quince, Quince


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Pseudocydonia sinensis Chinese Quince, Quince
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Pseudocydonia sinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Chaenomeles sinensis. Cydonia sinensis. Malus sinensis.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - eaten as a sweetmeat, candied, preserved in syrup or made into a liqueur[46, 183]. The juice can also be mixed with ginger and made into a beverage[183]. The fruit is very large, up to 18cm long[105, 179].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antitussive.

The fruit is antitussive[174, 279]. It contains several medically active constituents including organic acids plus the flavonoids rutin and quercetin[279]. It is used in Korea to treat asthma, the common cold, sore throats, mastitis and tuberculosis[279].

Other Uses

Pot-pourri;  Wood.

The fruits are very aromatic and are placed in a bowl to impart a delightful spicy scent to a room[46]. Wood - hard, dark red. Used for picture frames[174].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen. Requires a sunny position[1, 11], succeeding in any reasonably good soil that is well-drained but not dry[1, 200]. Trees are very hardy when grown in a continental climate with long hot summers but in the cooler climate of Britain where they do not always ripen their wood they are only reliably hardy to about -5°c[200]. They grow well on a south-facing wall[11, 200] and this is the only way to ensure that they fruit well in Britain[1]. A plant growing in a sunny position on the south side of tree cover at Kew was 3.5 metres tall in spring 1995 and looked healthy[K]. Occasionally cultivated, especially in China[46], for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties[183]. There is a disagreement over the correct name for this species, with some authorities using Pseudocydonia sinensis[11, 200] and others Chaenomeles sinensis[266]. Flowers are produced on year-old wood[200]. Special Features: Not North American native, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[200]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Expert comment

Author

(Dum.Cours.)C.K.Schneid.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Laura Eisener   Wed Jan 28 18:18:54 2004

The bark is one of the really outstanding features of this plant - reason enough to plant it as an ornamental. The fruit is edible though not quite as good as Cydonia oblonga. Some people use the fruit as an insect repellant, just sitting on a shelf or counter - sort of like people use Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera)to repel cockroaches. It likes heat in the summer.

   Mon Jun 16 04:50:15 2003

Very easy to grow in New Zealand. Makes delicious jam and jelly. Cooked with apples is delightful.

Hale   Fri Oct 22 17:09:28 2004

I disagree with the last commenter as to fruit quality. The Pseudocydonia tree I have actually has better fruit than any I have collected from Cydonia oblonga.

   Nov 29 2013 12:00AM

The fruit is huge and egg-shaped. It makes the most delicious jelly and is one of the few fruit crops that ripen in late fall/early winter. Another great point of this tree is its mottled bark which is ornamental in an of itself.

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Subject : Pseudocydonia sinensis  
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