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Populus deltoides monilifera - (Aiton.)Eckenw.

Common Name Plains Cottonwood
Family Salicaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Streamsides in the eastern foothills of the Rockies[82].
Range Central N. America - Saskatchewan to Manitoba, south to Texas and New Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Populus deltoides monilifera Plains Cottonwood


www.forestryimages.org
Populus deltoides monilifera Plains Cottonwood
Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Populus deltoides monilifera is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

P. deltoides occidentalis. P. sargentii. Dode.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Inner bark;  Leaves.
Edible Uses: Gum.

Inner bark[105, 161, 177]. A pleasant sweet flavour[257]. There are no more details but inner bark is often dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread. Young shoots - cooked[105, 161, 177]. The cottony fruit has been used by children as a chewing gum[257]. (This almost certainly refers to the seedpods[K])

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antiinflammatory;  Febrifuge;  Poultice.

The bark of most, if not all members of the genus contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body[213, 238]. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[238]. The seed down has been used as an absorbent dressing on open sores[257].

Other Uses

Dye;  Gum;  Rooting hormone;  Wood.

An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. It is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day[172]. A yellow dye is obtained from the seedpods[257]. A yellow dye is obtained from the leaf buds[257]. Wood - soft, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion[11]. It weighs about 22lb per cubic foot[235] and is used for posts, veneer, baskets and fuel[229].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant that does well in a heavy cold damp soil[1]. Prefers a deep rich well-drained circumneutral soil, growing best in the south and east of Britain[11, 200]. Growth is much less on wet soils, on poor acid soils and on thin dry soils[11]. It does not do well in exposed upland sites[11]. It dislikes shade and is intolerant of root or branch competition[200]. A fast-growing but short-lived species, it reaches maturity in 40 - 50 years and rarely lives as long as 100 years[229]. Like the quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) the leaves of this species rustle even in light breezes[274]. Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200].

Propagation

Seed - must be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring[113]. Poplar seed has an extremely short period of viability and needs to be sown within a few days of ripening[200]. Surface sow or just lightly cover the seed in trays in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the old frame. If sufficient growth is made, it might be possible to plant them out in late summer into their permanent positions, otherwise keep them in the cold frame until the following late spring and then plant them out. Most poplar species hybridize freely with each other, so the seed may not come true unless it is collected from the wild in areas with no other poplar species growing[11]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 20 - 40cm long, November/December in a sheltered outdoor bed or direct into their permanent positions. Very easy. Suckers in early spring[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Populus albaWhite Poplar12
Populus angustifoliaNarrowleaf Cottonwood12
Populus 'Balsam Spire'Tacatricho 3203
Populus balsamiferaBalsam Poplar, Black cottonwood13
Populus ciliataHimalayan Poplar02
Populus deltoidesEastern Cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Necklace Poplar22
Populus deltoides wislizeniiRio Grande Cottonwood21
Populus euphratica 01
Populus fremontiiCottonwood, Fremont cottonwood, Fremont Poplar, Western Cottonwood12
Populus grandidentataCanadian Aspen, Bigtooth aspen11
Populus heterophyllaSwamp Cottonwood01
Populus maximowicziiDoronoki, Japanese poplar01
Populus nigraBlack Poplar, Lombardy poplar13
Populus pseudosimonii 11
Populus sieboldiiJapanese Aspen11
Populus simoniiSimon poplar, Chinese Poplar11
Populus tremulaAspen Poplar, European aspen, Aspen12
Populus tremuloidesAmerican Aspen - Poplar, Quaking aspen13
Populus trichocarpaWestern Balsam Poplar, Black cottonwood13
Populus x canadensisCanadian Poplar, Carolina Poplar01
Populus x canescensGrey Poplar01
Populus x jackiiBalm Of Gilead03

 

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(Aiton.)Eckenw.

Botanical References

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