Pelargonium graveolens - L'Hér.
Common Name Rose Geranium, Sweet scented geranium
Family Geraniaceae
USDA hardiness 10-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Near the Hex river in S.W. Cape province.
Range S. Africa.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Half Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

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Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.

Pelargonium graveolens Rose Geranium, Sweet scented geranium
Pelargonium graveolens Rose Geranium, Sweet scented geranium
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Pelargonium graveolens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.


 South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers.
Edible Uses: Condiment;  Tea.

Flowers - raw. Added to salads[183]. The leaves are rose-scented and are used as a flavouring in desserts, jellies, vinegars etc[183, 238]. The fresh leaves are brewed into a tea[183, 238].
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiinflammatory;  Antiseptic;  Aromatherapy;  Astringent;  Cancer;  Sedative.

An aromatic, rose-scented herb, the whole plant has relaxant, anti-depressant and antiseptic effects, reduces inflammation and controls bleeding[238]. All parts of the plant are astringent[4]. It is used internally in the treatment of pre-menstrual and menopausal problems, nausea, tonsillitis and poor circulation[238]. Externally, it is used to treat acne, haemorrhoids, eczema, bruises, ringworm and lice[238]. The leaves can be used fresh at any time of the year[238]. The essential oil from the leaves is used in aromatherapy[238] and is also applied locally to cervical cancer[218].


Other Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the plant, it has an orange-rose fragrance[46, 104, 171]. This plant is the main constituent of geranium oil, which is used extensively in aromatherapy, skin care and as a food flavouring[238]. The leaves are used in pot-pourri[238].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Container, Specimen. Requires a light well-drained neutral to alkaline soil in a sunny position[188, 200]. Plants are not very hardy in Britain, they generally require greenhouse protection but might succeed outdoors when grown in a very sheltered warm spot in the mildest parts of the country[1]. They can also be grown in containers that are placed outdoors in the summer and then brought into the greenhouse or conservatory for the winter[238]. The plants need to be kept fairly dry in the winter[200]. Very tolerant of pruning, they can be cut right down to the base in the autumn when bringing them back indoors, or in the spring to encourage lots of fresh growth[238]. Cultivated for its essential oil in S. France and Spain[171], there are many named varieties[183, 200]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Fragrant foliage, Not North American native, Attracts butterflies, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. The seed germinates best with a minimum temperature of 13°c, germination usually taking place within 2 weeks though it sometimes takes some months[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. If trying them outdoors, plant them out in early summer and consider giving them extra protection during the winter. Cuttings succeed at almost any time in the growing season but early summer is the best time in order for the new plant to become established before winter.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Pelargonium bowkeri 11
Pelargonium capitatumRose-Scented Geranium03
Pelargonium crispumLemon Geranium22
Pelargonium exstipulatumPennyroyal Geranium12
Pelargonium fragransNutmeg Geranium12
Pelargonium fulgidum 01
Pelargonium glutinosumPheasant's Foot Geranium01
Pelargonium incrassatum 01
Pelargonium odoratissimumApple Geranium23
Pelargonium peltatumIvy-Leaved Geranium, Hanging Geranium, Ivy Geranium11
Pelargonium quercifoliumOak-Leaved Geranium02
Pelargonium radensRasp-leaf pelargonium02
Pelargonium tomentosumPeppermint Geranium12
Pelargonium triste 11
Pelargonium vitifoliumGrapeleaf geranium01
Pelargonium zonaleHorseshoe geranium11


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Readers comment
Jean Luc THOLLOT   Tue Jan 17 2006
I would like to know where I could buy seeds of Pelargonium graveolens for production of oil. e mail me please: [email protected]
Lia de Ruiter   Fri Jun 30 2006
I have recently acquired a couple of lemon-scented Pelargonium graveolens (at least, that is what the label says. My herbal book says that the name should be Pelargonium crispum. I wonder who's right. These lemon-scented Pelargoniums are an excellent insect repellent. I also have a mint-scented Pelargonium, which has white linings on the leaves. The label on this Pelargonium says: Mintrosa - Lady Diana. It also says that this plant is not for consumption. Perhaps that is because it is treated. I have yet to discover the rose-scented Pelargonium here in the Netherlands...

Mountain Valley Growers Picture of the mint-scented Pelargonium, similar to mine.

Adrian van wyk   Thu Mar 22 2007
Emmy Harris   Mon Oct 8 2007
Where can I buy seeds in South Africa?
Lourens   Tue Dec 18 2007
I really want to produce this plant in South Africa. Will it be possible to supply me with some contact details, or possible contract farming. Regards Lourens
LJ   Sat Apr 12 2008
Goodday all I'm currently farming pelargronium graveolens in south africa. I would like to find out if there is any market/distrabution factory's for this plant.
Willem Buys   Wed Aug 13 2008
I stay in Knysna South Africa. Where can I buy seeds to grow Pelargonium graveolens commercially?
John   Wed Oct 8 2008
You can contact us in South Africa - we have stock of Pelargonium extract (tinctue). We can aslo supply rough cut - suitable for making into a tea. Thanks John [email protected] Medico Herbs South Africa

Pelargonium Sodiodes Pelargonium extract, tincture and powder

Chrmann   Mon Nov 10 2008
How do you make the Pelargonium extrat and how much do you use for a throat,bronchial infection or other illnesses? I like to make my own herbal medicines. I'm allergic to corn. So, the extract must not have any product made from corn.
Ann   Sat Mar 14 2009
Where can I abtain pelargonium graveolens in Essex. England
Susan Kimmerly   Sat Mar 28 2009
Where can I btain pelargonium graveolens in New England, United States?
Joanna   Mon Nov 30 2009
Where can I buy pelargonium graveolens in London. England
LJ   Tue Dec 8 2009
How can we go about to get contract fot this plant oil in South Africa are there any contract available, or buyers of this oils?
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Subject : Pelargonium graveolens  

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