Help! Our income has dropped considerably for several months and unless it improves soon we will be in financial difficulty. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Panicum miliaceum - L.

Common Name European Millet
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste places in Britain[17].
Range Probably eastern Asia, but it has been in cultivation so long that the original range is obscure.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Panicum miliaceum European Millet


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Panicum_miliaceum0.jpg
Panicum miliaceum European Millet
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Panicum miliaceum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Panicum milliaceum

Habitats

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked as a whole grain or ground into a powder and used as a flour for making breads, pasta and fermented foods such as 'tempeh'[2, 34, 183]. A nutty flavour, it is more easily digested than many cereals because its high alkaline content counteracts acids[183]. It is also free of gluten and so, although bread made from it does not rise, the cereal is suitable for people with coeliacs disease or other gluten intolerances[K]. The seed can also be sprouted and added to salads, soups etc[183]. The seed contains about 10% protein, 4% fat[61].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The seed is cooling and demulcent[218]. The cooked seed is applied as a poultice for abscesses, sores etc whilst juice from chewed seeds is applied to children's sores[218]. The seed is also incinerated and mixed with oil then used as a poultice that is said to heal sores without leaving a scar[218]. A decoction of the root is used as an antidote to poisoning by Momordica spp, it is also used to treat haematuria in women and as a bath for skin eruptions[218].

Other Uses

A starch from the seed is a substitute for corn starch (Zea mays). It is used for sizing textiles[114]. The leaves are a source of fibre used in paper making[74].

Cultivation details

Requires a moderately fertile well-drained soil in full sun[200]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1]. Tolerates heat and also drought when it is established[1]. European millet is frequently cultivated in warm temperate and sub-tropical zones for its edible seed, there are many named varieties[57, 183]. Cultivation in Britain is somewhat problematic, the plants require good summers to do well and a dry period in late summer is required in order to ripen and dry the seed. We have had fairly good results on our trial grounds in Cornwall by starting the seed off early in a greenhouse, though this is a fairly labour-intensive method and therefore much less efficient than growing the more traditional temperate zone cereals[K]. Yields are also considerably lower than other cereals that can be grown in this country, although the nutritional value of millets is said to be superior to wheat, oats, etc[K].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a week. Prick out the seedlings into trays or individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts[200, K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Broom Millet, , Baragu, Broomcorn millet, Cheen, Cheena, Chena, Chenaa, Chino, Dokhan, Echte Hirse, European millet, Ji, Kadukanni, Ke, Kibi, Meneri, Miglio, Mijo, Mil, Milho miudo, Milium, Millet Panic, Nage, Panivaragu, Shu, Varagalu, Vari, Variga, Varo, brown millet, chinese millet, common millet, common millet, proso millet|wal meneri, french millet, gijang, hirs, little millet, millet, panic faux-millet, panicum millet, proso millet, red millet, white french millet, white millet.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Afghanistan, Africa, Albania, Armenia, Asia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Botswana, Britain, Bulgaria, Burma, Canada, Central Africa, China, Congo, Cyprus, Czech Republic, East Africa, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Europe, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guiana, Guyana, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Kyrgyrstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malawi, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mediterranean, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Niger, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, SE Asia, Siberia, Slovakia, South Africa, Southern Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Africa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Panicum antidotaleBlue Panic Grass, Blue panicum11
Panicum capillareOld Witch Grass, Witchgrass21
Panicum decompositumNative Millet, Australian millet20
Panicum obtusumVine Mesquite20
Panicum sonorumSauwi, Mexican panicgrass20
Panicum urvilleanumDesert Panicgrass20

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Panicum miliaceum  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.