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Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng - (Burkill.)G.Hoo.&C.J.Tseng.

Common Name San Qi
Family Araliaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Avoid during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Avoid if on anticoagulants or ticlodipine (for blood clot formation) [301].
Habitats Forests and shrubberies, 2100 - 4300 metres in Central Nepal in the Himalayas[51].
Range E. Asia - China to the Himalayas and Burma.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng San Qi


Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng San Qi
© Thomas Schoepke

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Summary

UPDATE 3.4.12: Panax pseudoginseng var. notoginseng (Burkill) G.Hoo & C.L.Tseng is a synonym of Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Panax pseudoginseng notoginseng is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a slow rate.The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Panax notoginseng

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Drink;  Tea.

The roots are chewed, used as a flavouring in liqueurs or made into a tea[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antiphlogistic;  Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Cardiotonic;  Diuretic;  Haemostatic;  
Hypoglycaemic.

San Qi is a fairly recent newcomer to Chinese herbalism, the first recorded usage dating from the sixteenth century. Nevertheless, it has attained an importance as a tonic medicine that supports the function of the adrenal glands, in particular the production of corticosteroids and male sex hormones[254]. It also helps to improve blood flow through the coronary arteries, thus finding use as a treatment for arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure and angina[254]. The roots are said to be analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, astringent, cardiotonic, discutient, diuretic, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic, styptic, tonic and vulnerary[176, 218]. They are used in the treatment of contused wounds, soft tissue injuries and all kinds of bleeding, both internal and external, like haematuria, nose bleeds, haematemesis, uterine bleeding etc. They are also used in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris[176, 254]. The roots can be applied externally as a poultice in order to help speed the healing of wounds and bruises[254]. The root is harvested before flowering or after the seed has ripened. It is usually dried for later use[254]. There is much confusion in literature over this plant and P. pseudo-ginseng. It is probable that the two can be used interchangeably but this has still to be confirmed. The following are the uses attributed to P. pseudo-ginseng:- The roots and the flowers are antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, cardiotonic, diuretic, haemostatic and hypoglycaemic[176, 238]. The root is used internally in the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina[238]. The roots are also used both internally and externally in the treatment of nosebleeds, haemorrhages from the lungs, digestive tract and uterus, and injuries[238]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, preferably from plants 6 - 7 years old, and can be used fresh or dried[238]. The flowers are used to treat vertigo and dizziness[238].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in much of the country. This is the form used medicinally in China[176]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Requires a moist humus rich soil in a shady position in a woodland[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow in a shady position in a cold frame preferably as soon as it is ripe, otherwise as soon as the seed is obtained. It can be very slow and erratic to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse or frame for at least their first winter. Make sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the roots. Plant out into their permanent positions in late summer. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Panax japonicusJapanese Ginseng11
Panax pseudoginsengGinseng, Japanese ginseng13
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Pseudopanax edgerleyi 00
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Expert comment

Author

(Burkill.)G.Hoo.&C.J.Tseng.

Botanical References

51

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Bhupal Singh   Fri Sep 29 2006

Villagers in Nepal use it under various circumstances like: muscular cramps, tiredness, immediately after pregnency to strengthen vaginal muscles, and in recent times, the tea derived from leaves and roots have shown to reduce glucose levels in diabetics. Though not a permant cure for diabetic patients, helpful while taken twice daily. Also known to cure weak iris muscules in eyes so those with minor eye power can do away with their glases.

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