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Nothofagus procera - (Poep.&Endl.)Oerst.

Common Name Rauli
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forms forests in mountains, and is also found occasionally on coastal plains, between latitudes 35° and 40° south[11].
Range S. America - Chilean Andes.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Nothofagus procera Rauli


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten
Nothofagus procera Rauli
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sten

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Nothofagus procera is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

N. nervosa. Fagus nervosa. F. procera.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Fuel;  Wood.

Wood - heavy, hard, durable, very good quality. Used for furniture, cabinet making etc. A very good fuel[11, 46, 61].

Cultivation details

Prefers an open well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds on most soils but dislikes calcareous soils[11]. Prefers a pH between 5 and 7 but dislikes acid peats[200]. Prefers cool wet summers in temperate maritime zones[200]. Requires at least 750mm of rain annually[11]y. A very ornamental tree[1], it has a very good potential as a forestry tree in western Britain, responding well to coppicing[11, 200]. It can, however, be damaged by late and early frosts[98]. Grows well at Crarae in western Scotland[191]. Trees have poor wind resistance in Britain, probably because they grow so fast[11]. Trees up to 4 metres tall can be successfully established, though the optimum size for transplanting is about 30 - 80cm. The roots are very sensitive to desiccation and extreme care should be taken when transplanting them[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cool greenhouse or cold frame. Spring-sown seed requires 2 - 3 months stratification at 1 - 5°c[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed must not be allowed to dry out according to one report[80] whilst another says that the seed can be stored dry at 2°c for long periods[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 6 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Poep.&Endl.)Oerst.

Botanical References

11200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Kelly Kavanaugh   Tue Feb 3 17:20:44 2004

I have heard that in India that rauli is used as bindi(the red dot on married woman's foreheads). Is rauli red? Is this the rauli that is used in India for this purpose?

ak jinn   Thu Apr 15 19:42:25 2004

the tree actually grows to 40 m. high. the first years of growth are extremely fast, with rates of 1,5 m per year recorded. It can survive temperatures of - 5 F ( - 21 celcius ) and has no problems with spring frost. Leaves fall after getting completely red in fall. very beautiful species, it grows best with more than 1500 millimeters of rain. The best trees are found in places where rainfall is 4000 millimeters, summer temperatures never reach 80 degrees F and winter temperatures usually drop to 14 F with dayly highs of 40 F

   Thu Dec 21 2006

Where could I buy seeds of nothofagus procera? I am living in Belgium.

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Subject : Nothofagus procera  
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