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Monarda menthifolia - Graham.

Common Name Mint-Leaved Bergamot, Mintleaf bergamot
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Medium-dry to moist soils in valleys, prairies and mountains to 2,100 metres[212].
Range N. America - Manitoba to Alberta, south to Arizona and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Monarda menthifolia Mint-Leaved Bergamot, Mintleaf bergamot


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Monarda menthifolia Mint-Leaved Bergamot, Mintleaf bergamot
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Monarda menthifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from Jul to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

M. fistulosa menthifolia. (Graham.)Fern.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Leaves - used as an aromatic tea[212]. The leaves are a very common and popular potherb with the Hopi Indians - they are gathered and dried in bundles for winter use[216].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anaesthetic;  Antiseptic;  Diaphoretic.

The leaves and flowering stems are anaesthetic, antiseptic and diaphoretic[238]. An infusion is used in the treatment of fevers and sore throats[257]. The pulverized plant has been rubbed on the head to bring relief from a headache[257]. An infusion of the plant is used as a wash on wounds[257]. The plant is a source of the medicinal essential oil 'thymol', which is antiseptic[212].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Easily grown in ordinary garden soil so long as it is not too dry[1, 200]. Requires a moist soil and a sunny position[200]. A good bee plant[200]. Subject to mildew in dry summers[200]. The Hopi Indians occasionally cultivate this plant as a pot herb[216].

Propagation

Seed - sow mid to late spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 10 - 40 days at 20°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. The seed can also be sown in situ in late summer in areas where the winters are not too severe and will produce larger plants. Cuttings of soft basal shoots in spring. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Large divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Monarda citriodoraLemon Bergamot, Lemon beebalm. Lemon Mint20
Monarda clinopodiaWhite Basil-Balm, White bergamot10
Monarda didymaBergamot, Scarlet beebalm, Horsemint, Oswego Tea, Bee Balm32
Monarda fistulosaWild Bergamot, Mintleaf bergamot, Wild Bee-Balm, Lupine32
Monarda pectinataPlains Lemon Monarda, Pony beebalm12
Monarda punctataHorse Mint, Spotted beebalm13

 

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Expert comment

Author

Graham.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Monarda menthifolia  
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