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Malus coronaria - (L.)Mill.

Common Name Garland Crab, Sweet crab apple
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards All members of this genus contain the toxin hydrogen cyanide in their seeds and possibly also in their leaves, but not in their fruits. Hydrogen cyanide is the substance that gives almonds their characteristic taste but it should only be consumed in very small quantities. Apple seeds do not normally contain very high quantities of hydrogen cyanide but, even so, should not be consumed in very large quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Bottoms, wooded slopes, thickets and clearings[43] in most soil types and moisture levels[159].
Range Eastern N. America - New York to South Carolina, west to Kansas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Malus coronaria Garland Crab, Sweet crab apple


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Per_Palmkvist_Knudsen
Malus coronaria Garland Crab, Sweet crab apple
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Malus coronaria is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft) by 7 m (23ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Pectin.

Fruit - raw or cooked[159, 161]. Fairly large, it is up to 5cm in diameter[200]. Harsh and acid[11], it is mainly used for jellies[183] but can be eaten raw when it is fully ripe[101]. The fruits can be buried in the ground overwinter and will have lost much of their acidity by the spring[183]. The fruit can also be dried and stored for later use[257]. Rich in pectin, so it can be added to pectin-low fruits when making jams or jellies[226]. Pectin is also said to protect the body against radiation[201].

Medicinal Uses



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Abortifacient;  Astringent;  Birthing aid;  Emmenagogue;  Lithontripic;  Ophthalmic.

An infusion of the bark has been used to ease a difficult birth and also in the treatment of gallstones, piles and as a wash for sore mouths[257]. A cold infusion of the bark has been used as a wash for black eyes, sore eyes and snow blindness[257]. A decoction of the root has been used to treat suppressed menses and so can cause an abortion, especially early in the pregnancy[257].

Other Uses

Pectin;  Rootstock;  Wood.

The plant can be used as a rootstock for cultivated apples, conferring a greater hardiness[226]. Wood - heavy, close-grained, not strong[46, 82, 229]. It weighs 43lb per cubic foot[235]. Used for making levers, the handles of tools, small domestic items and fuel[46, 82, 229].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil[1, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a sunny position but succeeds in partial shade, though it fruits less well in such a situation[200]. A slow-growing and short-lived tree in the wild[229]. The fruit is a good wildlife food source, especially for birds[200]. The flowers are sweetly scented[245]. This species is closely related to M. ionensis[1]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It usually germinates in late winter. Stored seed requires stratification for 3 months at 1°c and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as it is received[200]. It might not germinate for 12 months or more. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If given a rich compost they usually grow away quickly and can be large enough to plant out in late summer, though consider giving them some protection from the cold in their first winter. Otherwise, keep them in pots in a cold frame and plant them out in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of mature wood, November in a frame[11].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Malus angustifoliaSouthern Crab, Southern crab apple20
Malus baccataChinese Crab, Siberian crab apple21
Malus baccata mandschuricaManchurian Apple40
Malus bracteata 20
Malus brevipes 20
Malus domesticaApple52
Malus florentinaHawthorn-leaf crab apple20
Malus floribundaJapanese Crab, Japanese flowering crab apple30
Malus fuscaOregon Crab, Oregon crab apple32
Malus glabrata 20
Malus glaucescens 20
Malus hallianaHall crab apple20
Malus halliana spontanea 20
Malus hupehensisChinese Crab, Chinese crab apple, Tea Crabapple, Flowering Tea Crabapple20
Malus ioensisPrairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple20
Malus ioensis palmeriPrairie Crab20
Malus kansuensis 20
Malus lancifolia 20
Malus praecox 20
Malus prattiiPratt apple20
Malus prunifoliaChinese Apple, Plumleaf crab apple40
Malus prunifolia rinkiiChinese Apple30
Malus pumilaParadise Apple, Common Apple, Apple Tree32
Malus pumila nervosaCrab Apple30
Malus pumila paradisiacaParadise Apple30
Malus sargentiiSargent's apple, Sargent Crabapple20
Malus sieversii 30
Malus sikkimensis 20
Malus spectabilisChinese Flowering Apple, Asiatic apple30
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Author

(L.)Mill.

Botanical References

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Subject : Malus coronaria  
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