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Lycium australe - F.Muell.

Common Name
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, it does belong to a family that contains many poisonous plants. Some caution should be applied, especially towards leaves or unripe fruits, though ripe fruits are almost certainly edible.
Habitats Loamy soils in dry country[144, 154].
Range Australia - Victoria.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Lycium australe


Lycium australe

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

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Lycium australe is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[144, 154]. Only the fully ripe fruits should be eaten[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cancer.

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[214].

Other Uses

Soil stabilization.

Plants have an extensive root system and can be planted to stabilize banks[200].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Does not require a rich soil, flowering and fruiting better in a well-drained soil of moderate quality[11]. Succeeds in impoverished soils[200]. Requires a sunny position[200]. Tolerates maritime exposure[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually good and fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth[78]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage[78, 200]. Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Berberis lycium 33
Lycium afrum 12
Lycium andersoniiWolfberry, Water jacket12
Lycium arabicum 12
Lycium barbarumGoji, Box Thorn, Matrimony vine43
Lycium berlandieriBerlandier's wolfberry12
Lycium carolinianumChristmas Berry, Carolina desert-thorn32
Lycium chinenseChinese Boxthorn, Chinese desert-thorn43
Lycium europaeumEuropean tea-tree, Box thorn,32
Lycium fremontiiDesert Thorn, Fremont's desert-thorn12
Lycium pallidumPale Wolfberry, Pale desert-thorn, Rabbit thorn32
Lycium ruthenicum 32
Lycium schweinfurthii 22
Lycium torreyiSquawthorn, Torrey wolfberry22

 

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Expert comment

Author

F.Muell.

Botanical References

154

Links / References

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