Linnaea borealis - L.
Common Name Twinflower, Longtube twinflower
Family Caprifoliaceae
USDA hardiness 2-6
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods, especially pine, and in the shade of rocks to elevations of 725 metres in N. Britain[17].
Range Northern Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to Germany, the Alps and N. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

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Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Prostrate, Spreading or horizontal.

Linnaea borealis Twinflower,  	Longtube twinflower
Linnaea borealis Twinflower,  	Longtube twinflower
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Linnaea borealis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.


Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

A food plant[177, 257]. No more details are given.
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Poultice;  Women's complaints.

The plant has been used as a tonic in pregnancy and also in the treatment of painful or difficult menstruation[222]. The mashed plant is used as a poultice on inflamed limbs and is also applied to the head to ease the pain of headaches[257].


Other Uses
The plant forms an extensive twiggy mat and is useful as a ground cover on peat beds and in rock gardens[188]. Plants form a dense carpet when growing in god conditions, rooting as they spread, but otherwise the cover is sparse[208]. Plants should be spaced about 60cm apart each way[208].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Ground cover, Rock garden, Woodland garden. Prefers a rather shaded position in a rock garden in a moist peaty soil[11, 200]. It grows well in pine woods[245]. Requires an acid soil[200]. Plants can be rather difficult to establish[200]. The sub-species L. borealis americana grows more freely than the European form. The plant is polymorphic[1]. The flowers have an evening fragrance like that of the honeysuckle[245]. Special Features:North American native, Fragrant flowers.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame[188]. Sow stored seed as soon as possible, it is likely to require a period of cold stratification. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division of rooted runners in the spring[188]. Layering. Cuttings of half-ripe wood in the summer[188]. They are rather slow to root[1].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants


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Subject : Linnaea borealis  

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