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Lilium concolor - Salisb.

Common Name Morning Star Lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Scrub in pockets of humus on carboniferous limestone and in heavy limey soil, 1500 - 2200 metres[90]. Moist places in forests, thickets, moist meadows, grassy slopes and sunny grassland[266].
Range E. Asia - China
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Lilium concolor Morning Star Lily


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Lilium concolor Morning Star Lily
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Lilium concolor is a BULB growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

L. pulchellum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[2, 105]. The bulb is up to 35mm in diameter[266]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum). Young leaves - cooked[177]. Flowers[178]. No more details are given.

Medicinal Uses



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Carminative;  Expectorant;  Pectoral;  Poultice;  Sedative;  Tonic.

The bulb is carminative, expectorant, pectoral, sedative and tonic[147, 218]. It is taken internally in the treatment of bronchial complaints[238]. The flowers invigorate the blood[218]. They are poulticed onto sores and boils[218].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[143, 200]. Prefers an acid sandy soil but also succeeds on heavy soils[47, 143]. Plants are lime tolerant[47, 143, 200]. Requires a sheltered position if grown outdoors, doing well on a rock garden, but it is best grown in a greenhouse[163] Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 7 - 10 cm deep[143, 200]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is cultivated for its edible bulb in Japan[2]. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[200].

Propagation

Seed - immediate epigeal germination[130]. Sow thinly in pots from late winter to early spring in a cold frame. Should germinate in 2 - 4 weeks[163]. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people prefer to leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K]. Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[200]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lilium amabile 20
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Lilium canadense editorumMeadow Lily30
Lilium canadense flavumMeadow Lily30
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Lilium cernuum 20
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Lilium dauricum 20
Lilium davidii 20
Lilium distichum 20
Lilium formosanumFormosa lily20
Lilium formosanum pricei 20
Lilium hansonii 20
Lilium henryiHenry's lily20
Lilium japonicumBamboo Lily22
Lilium japonicum platyfoliumBamboo Lily22
Lilium kelleyanumKelley's Lily20
Lilium lancifoliumTiger Lily, Devil Lily42
Lilium leichtlinii 20
Lilium leichtlinii maximowiczii 20
Lilium longiflorumWhite Trumpet Lily, Easter lily, Trumpet Lily32
Lilium maculatum 20
Lilium martagonTurk's Cap Lily, Martagon lily21
Lilium medeoloides 20
Lilium monanthum 20
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Expert comment

Author

Salisb.

Botanical References

200266

Links / References

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Subject : Lilium concolor  
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